TITLE: LESSON NOTE ON BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
SUBJECT: BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
TERM: SECOND TERM
THEME: LIVING AND NON LIVING THINGS
WEEK: WEEK 1 and 2
CLASS: PRIMARY 5
NAME OF TEACHER:
AGE OF STUDENTS:
CLASS COMPOSITION: Slow and fast learners.
TIME: 40 MINUTES
TOPIC: DOMESTIC ANIMALS
At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:
- Identify and name common domestic animals.
- Identify food eaten by different animals
- Explain the ways domestic animals care for their young ones.
- Mention the habits of domestic animals that make them to
- Draw some domestic animals.
TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS
- Toys of domestic animals
- Explanatory posters/pictures showing domestic animals.
- Explanatory videos on domestic animals.
TEACHING AND LEARNING METHODS
- Questions and answer
- NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
- Universal Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
- Lagos State Scheme of Work for Basic Science and Technology.
- Unified Schemes of Work for Lagos State Primary Schools (MIDDLE BASIC)
- Online Materials.
- Edudelight Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools.
ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE: the students are familiar with Skeletal System .
WORD FILE: compound, Amusement, companionship.
Animals are classified as wild (friendly) or domesticated (friendly) animals.
Domestic animals are animals that live with s in our home, school compound and environment, which we care for and they are not harmful to us. Domestic animals can also be called friendly or home animals.
Examples of domestic animals: hens, goat, dogs, pigs, cattle, rabbits, etc.
Examples of wild animals: snakes, lions, tigers, elephants, hyenas, etc.
Type’s of domestic animals
Domestic animals can be classified into different groups.
- FARM ANIMALS
Note: some pet’s animals can also be used as farm animals.
Pets are animals we bring into our home for Amusement or companionship. Human regards these animals as pets because they are friendly. Pets are also used for security. Like dog guards our homes, and cats keep mice away from our houses.
Examples of pet
Farm animals are animals kept for use or profit
Uses of farm Animals
- Goat provides meats, hides and skin.
- Turkey provides meat, eggs and feathers
- Rabbit provides meat
- Cow provides beef meat, milk, hides and skin.
- Horse is used for work.
- Donkey is used to carry load.
- Camel is used to carry load
- Cattle is used to work
- Chicken provides meats, eggs and feathers.
- Pig provides pork meat.
- Duck provides eggs, meat and feathers
- Sheep provides meat and wool.
BENEFITS OF DOMESTIC ANIMALS
- We make money when by selling them to people.
- They are used as securities (dog)
- They are source of food to human.
- Rearing of domestic animals provides employment.
Week 2 Contents
REPRODUCTION IN DOMESTIC ANIMALS
In animal’s reproduction occurs as result of union of male and females. The male fertilized the female Ovule and zygote or egg is produced. The zygote then turns into a foetus or embryo.
Hen, female adult insects like mosquito and termite produce larva or nymphs from egg. Mammals like dogs, cats and human being gives birth to their young ones alive.
FEEDING AND HABIT OF DOMESTIC ANIMALS
Feeding means what they eat while HABITAT is where the animal live whether inside or outside the house.
HERBVOROUS ANIMALS are animals that feeds on plants e.g. goat while CARNIVOROUS ANIMALS are animals that feeds on other animals e.g. cats eats rats.
The table below shows some domestic animals where they live and the food they eat.
|Names of domestic Animals||Habitat||What they eat|
|cat||inside||Feeds on rats, fish|
|Dog||Outside and inside||Bones|
|chicken||Outside||Feeds on Grains|
|Goat||Outside||Feeds on grasses|
|pigeon||Outside and inside||Millet|
WAYS BY WHICH DOMESTIC ANIMALS CARE FOR THEIR YOUNG ONES
- They feed their young ones with the milk from their breasts. E.g. cow, sheep, goat etc.
- Dog look after their puppies by barking at any danger that may come after them.
- Hen protect their chickens by shedding feathers on them.
- The Teacher revises the previous lesso.
- The teacher introduces the lesson through question and answer (Domestic animals).
- The Teacher explains the lessons.
- The Teacher writes the note on the board.
Learners participate in the class discussion
Teacher ask the learners to:
- What are domestic animals and where do they live?
- Mention three domestic animals in your compound.
- Name three domestic animals that feed on grasses.
- Name three domestic animals that feed on meat.
- What makes some domestic animals pets.
- Mention the differences between domestic animals and wild animals
- List three benefit of domestic animals.
CONCLUSION: the teacher summarize the lesson.
PREVIOUS LESSON: Domestic Animals
NEXT LESSON: THE HUMAN BODY (SKELETAL SYSTEM)