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FOOD AND NUTRITION

SUBJECT: PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION

TERM: THIRD TERM

WEEK: WEEK 1

CLASS: PRIMARY 5

DURATION: 40 MINUTES

TOPIC: FOOD AND NUTRITION

UNITS:

  • Sources of food Nutrient
  • Nutritional Deficiency Diseases

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this discussion in this unit, children should be able to:

  1. Mention sources of food nutrients.
  2. Know about Nutrition deficiencies

TEACHINNG AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Whiteboard/Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Fruits
  • Palm oil
  • Vegetable oil
  • Vegetables
  • Grains

TEACHINNG AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Questions and answer

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum.
  • Universal Basic Education  Curriculum (UBE)
  • Lagos State Scheme of Work.
  • Online Materials.
  • Physical and Health Education for Primary Schools

                              CONTENT

 SOURCES OF NUTRIENTS

Nutrients are found in the variety of foods that we eat. We have six types of food from where we get all nutrients.

                            TYPES OF FOOD

  1. Carbohydrates: Energy giving foods, made up of sugars or starches. Examples are yam, banana, cassava, maize, rice.
  2. Protein: make us grow, strong and repair the body. Examples are Beans, fish, egg.
  3. Fat: also gives us energy for work and play.it keeps us warm. Examples are Palm oil, Soy oil, Margarine, vegetable oil.
  4. Vitamins: it protect us from diseases. Examples are fruits, corn.
  5. Minerals: help to form strong bones and teeth. Examples are Milk, meat vegetables, fruits, grains, beans and starchy vegetables.
  6. Water: it carries other nutrients to all parts of the body and helps to remove wastes from the body.

NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY DISEASES

Nutritional diseases are illness that happen as a result of inadequate, poor diet.

Inadequate and poor diet causes various diseases like:

  1. KWASHIORKOR: it is cause by eating mostly carbohydrate food. The person lack  food that contains  protein, vitamin C, iodine and folic acid
  2. RICKETS: it is the softening of bones in children due to deficiency in vitamin D, magnesium, calcium.
  3. PELLAGRA: it is a vitamin deficiency disease caused by lack of niacin (Vitamin B3) in the diet. Not eating enough vegetables, sea foods, meat and egg can also cause PELLAGRA.
  4. SCURVY: happens when there is deficiency of Vitamin C (fruits and vegetables).
  5. BERIBERI: caused by thiamin (Vitamin B) and excessive intake of alcohol.
  6. ANEMIA: it occurs when the red blood cells are unable to carry enough to the body cell. It is caused by lack of vegetables, eggs, liver and meat.
  7. DIABETICS: it happens when the blood glucose level is higher than normal.it can be prevented by living a healthy life style.

PRESENTATION

  • The Teacher revises the previous lesson.
  • The Teacher introduces the topic.
  • The Teacher explains the lessons.

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

  • What is Balanced diet?
  • List the six kinds of food from which we can select the foods we eat daily.
  • What is a nutritional disease?
  • List three deficiency diseases.

CONCLUSION: the teacher summarize the lesson.

Lessonplan

Get Lesson plans, Lesson notes, Scheme of work, Exam Questions, Test Questions for all subject for Primary school and Secondary School.

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