# OUR WEATHER

TITLE:  LESSON NOTE ON BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

SUBJECT: BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

TERM: FIRST TERM

WEEK: WEEK 5

CLASS: PRIMARY 4

NAME OF TEACHER:

DATE:

AGE OF STUDENTS:

CLASS COMPOSITION: Slow and fast learners.

PERIOD:

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE: the students are familiar with changes in non – living things.

WORD FILE:

TIME: 40 MINUTES

TOPIC: OUR WEATHER

Units:

• Meaning of Weather
• Factors affecting the weather
• Weather instruments

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:

1. Define weather.
2. Identify the factors affecting weather.
3. Mention weather instruments
4. Identify and write simple weather symbols.

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

• Thermometer
• Rain gauge
• Clock
• Graph sheets
• Funnel
• Beaker
• Empty tins
• Whiteboard/Chalkboard
• Explanatory posters/pictures
• Explanatory videos

TEACHING AND LEARNING METHODS

• Explanation
• Discussion

REFERENCE MATERIALS

• NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
• Universal Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
• Lagos State Scheme of Work for Basic Science and Technology.
• Unified Schemes of Work for Lagos State Primary Schools (MIDDLE BASIC)
• Online Materials.
• Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools.

LESSON CONTENT

OUR WEATHER

Weather is the state of a particular environment at a given period of time.

Climate is the weather condition of a place over a long period of time.

A person that studies the weather and predict the weather is called a Meteorologist or weather forecaster.

Factors affecting Weather

The condition of the weather affect the way we behave and react.

There are different factors that affect weather, these are:

1. Wind
2. Sunshine
3. Rainfall
4. Temperature
5. Humidity
6. Cloud
7. Atmospheric pressure

Weather instrument and functions

The following are weather instruments:

1. Thermometer – it is used to measure the temperature of a person.
2. Barometer – it is used to measure the pressure of the atmosphere.
3. Anemometer – it is used to measure the speed of the wind.
4. Rain gauge – it is used to measure the quantity or amount of rainfall.
5. Hygrometer – it is used to measure water vapor in the air (relative humidity).
6. Clock – it is used to show time.
7. Photometer – used to measure Light intensity.

Weather Symbols

Meteorologist make use of these symbols when recording and forecasting weather.

The following are some of the symbols used to observe the condition of weather.

1. Sunny
2. Rainy
3. Cold
4. Cloudy
5. Lightning
6. Hot

GLOBAL WARMING

Global warming is an increase in the average temperature of the earth’s atmosphere that leads to the change of climate. This is caused by the release of harmful gases like carbon dioxide (co2), chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) into the atmosphere.

The effect of global warming

1. Rising sea level
2. Increase in temperature
3. Excessive flood.

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURE

• The Teacher revises the previous lesson (CHANGES IN NON – LIVING THINGS).
• The Teacher introduces the lesson through question and answer (OUR WEATHER).
• The Teacher explains the lessons.
• The Teacher write the note on the board.

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

Learners participate in the class discussion

LESSON EVALUATION

1. Define weather.
2. Identify three factors affecting weather.
3. Mention three weather instruments
4. Identify and write three simple weather symbols.

CONCLUSION: the teacher summarize the lesson.

PREVIOUS LESSON: CHANGES IN NON – LIVING THINGS

NEXT LESSON: OUR WEATHER

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