THIRD TERM E-LEARNING NOTE
CLASS: YEAR 1
SCHEME OF WORK
- Words and Opposites
2. Questions and Answer
5. Sentence formation
6. Use of intensifier
7– 8. Using verb correctly
10. Comparism of Adjective
1 1. Suffix/Prefix
1 2. Examination
UBE GRAMMER BOOK 1
TOPIC: WORDS AND OPPOSITE
Words are things we say. Like come, go, I, we, etc.
Opposite is a word that expresses a meaning opposed to the meaning of another word. Another word for opposite is called Antonyms.
of words and opposite
Examples of using the opposite of a word to make a sentence
|1||safe||unsafe||The road is unsafe for use to walk.|
|2||fit||unfit||The water is unfit for drinking.|
|3||complete||incomplete||The books are incomplete.|
|4||correct||incorrect||The spelling is incorrect.|
|5||in||out||Bola went out of the class.|
Find the opposite of the following words
Choose which of the words given in brackets means the opposite of the word underlined in each sentences.
- Her room is always clean. (Dirty, poor, untidy, ugly).
- Do not come too late for my party. (Prompt, early, quickly, timely).
- I asked Emmanuel to empty the water in the basket. (fill, pack, load, pour)
TOPIC: QUESTION AND ANSWER
Question are sentences we say by asking and we require answer. These question is commonly use in English Language.
WH –questions are different from answering directly Using Yes or No.
WH questions are questions that start with WH –words. These are what, when, whom, where, which, whose, why, how, how far, how long, how much, how come, how old, whose, whom, why don’t, etc.
These words are used to ask questions about specific qualities, times, places, people, etc
of question words, where it is use and sentences
|Question words||What it is used for||Example of Question words|
|1||who||To ask about people||Who told you about me?|
|2||where||To ask about a place||Where is my book?|
|3||when||To ask about time||When is break?|
|4||what||To ask about things||What are you doing?|
|5||which||To ask about choices||Of all the subjects in the school, which one would you like?|
|6||How||To ask about manner/process||How did you get here?|
|7||why||To ask about reasons/causes||Why is David crying?|
|8||whose||To ask about possession||Whose school bag is this?|
Examples of sentences that make use of WH –word and how to answer it
- What is your name? I am fine, thank you.
- When did you live? I Left an hour ago.
- How Was your day? It was fine, thank you.
- How old are you? I clock six (6) today.
- How many people are there in your class? There are 10 of them.
- How much did it cost? It cost N20.
- Why did you think he hates you? Because he refuse talking to me.
- Whose class is better? Paul’s class is much better.
- .__________ will you leave? After the meeting. A.what B. who C. whom D. whose
- __________ is Peter? He is still fine. Thanks for asking. A. what B. who C. whom D. How
- ___________ pen is this? It’s John’s. A. what B. whom B. whose C. who
- _________ was the weather like on Monday? It was raining a lot. A. what B.what C. when D. How
- Make three sentences using WH- question.
TOPIC: EXPRESSING HABITUAL ACTIONS
Habitual actions are things we always do. They express things we do regularly or daily.
Examples of habitual actions
- Every evening Samuel plays football.
- My dad wakes up by 6: am daily.
- Emmanuel washes his father’s car each Saturday.
- She goes to church every Sunday.
- Monkeys eat bananas all the time.
- I take my bath twice every day.
Using “shall” and “Will” in expressing Habitual action
“I “and “we” are used often with “shall” while ‘’you”, “he” and they are used often with “will”.
The following are ways we can use “will” and “shall” in expressing Habitual actions in a sentence.
- We shall go to work at the school farm next Friday.
- I shall come to see you tomorrow.
- Yoruba and Hausa shall not fight.
- Kunle will visit us soon.
- I will be in year two next year
- Mercy will drive her bicycle to school tomorrow.
Instruction: complete the sentences using “shall” or “Will”
- Bright __________ return next week. A. will B. shall
- She ____________ come to see you next week. A. will B. shall
- We ____________ be starting our examination next week. A. will B. shall
- He ____________ not ride the bicycle to school next week. A. will B. shall
- What are habitual actions?
- Make three sentences of habitual actions using “shall” or “Will”.
TOPIC: ASKING ABOUT THE NUMBER OF AN OBJECT
What is a noun?
A noun is the name of a person, place, things or animal.
Singular and plural nouns
A singular noun has to do with one person, place, things or animal; while a plural noun has to do with more than one person, place, things or animal.
That is when something is one it is singular but when something is more than one, it is Plural.
Some noun form plural from singular by adding “s” while Some noun form plural from singular by adding “es”
Examples of singular noun that form plural noun by adding “s”
Examples of singular noun that form plural noun by adding “es”
Making sentences using plural
- I know two big Markets for shopping.
- There are three schools on my street.
- I love babies.
Complete the following space with the singular or plural noun
- Mention three examples of singular noun.
- Mention three examples of plural noun.
What is a sentence? A sentence is a group of words that makes or express complete thought. A Sentence is formed by joining different words to say something that people can understand.
Examples of forming simple sentences
- My father is + a Police officer = my father is a Police officer.
- I am + a girl = I am a girl.
- Paul goes to + school every day = Paul goes to + school every day.
- Our teacher + is a man = our teacher is a man.
- This is + my book = this is my book.
- She cooked + the food = She cooked the food.
- Esther entered + the room = Esther entered the room
- Children love + to play always = Children love to play always.
- Take it + at Once = Take it at Once.
- Bring out your + Grammar textbook = Bring out your Grammar textbook.
Make a complete sentence using the following
- The cock ________. A look B. Crow C. Laugh D. cry.
- The car belongs to ________. A. blue B Fish C. hard D Kunle
- He took it __________ A Home B. large C. poor D.phone
- She sat next to _________ A. God B. Me C. Chair D. Time.
- Make three simple sentences.
TOPIC: USE OF INTENSIFIERS
Adverbs are words used to describe a verb, an adjective or another verb. They tell us more about a verb, an adjective or another adverb.
Examples are gently, loudly, beautifully, fearfully, slowly, etc.
Intensifiers are words that are used to strengthen the meaning of other expressions and show more emphasis. They are used to add more meaning in a sentence that contains a verb, an adjective or adverb.
EXAMPLES OF INTENSIFIERS
Examples of intensifiers are;
- at all
- super, etc.
Forming sentences with intensifiers
The following sentences contain intensifier
|1||very||The water is very hot.|
|2||too||She is too busy.|
|3||pretty||She’s pretty brilliant.|
|4||really||Do you really mean it?|
|5||strongly||I strongly disagree.|
|6||quite||It is quite calm here|
|7||so||He is so kind to us.|
|8||At all||I don’t like his character at all.|
|9||extremely||My house is extremely clean.|
|10||such||Yesterday was such a hot day.|
- ____________ add more meaning to a sentence. A. Noun B. Intensifiers C.Verb D. Pronoun
- One of the following is not an example of intensifiers. A. too B. very C. write D. so
- What is the intensifier in this sentence “I don’t like his character at all.” A. I B. don’t C. his D. at all.
- What is the intensifier in this sentence “He is so kind to us.” A. is B so C. to B. us
- What are intensifiers
- Mention three intensifiers
WEEK SEVEN AND EIGHT
TOPIC : USING VERB CORRECTLY
What is a verb?
A Verb is a word, which shows action. It is an action words or a doing words. Verb is used to express what a person or a thing can do.
Verb can be in the present tense, the past tense or the future tense.
EXAMPLES OF VERB
Examples of verbs are:
Using verb correctly in a sentence
The following underlined words are verbs
- Peter ate rice this morning.
- I walk to school today.
- I will wash my cloth after school.
- I am writing my note.
Instruction: underline the verb in each sentence
- The president spoke about Corona Virus.
- I attended my brother’s birthday party.
- Angela love to buy beautiful things.
- What is a verb?
- Mention three examples of verb.
COMPARISM OF ADJECTIVES
- Explain the term positive, comparative and superlative
- State when to use them
- Use them correctly in any given sentence
An adjective is a word that qualifies or describes things or persons. It tells us more about a noun.
Adding an adjective to a noun or pronoun, make the meaning of a sentence clear.
Examples of adjectives
Examples of adjectives
- A fat woman.
- A long ruler
- A tall girl
- A poor man
- This is a short man
Read the sentences and underline the adjectives
- Samson has a big ball.
- The tall teacher is coming.
- My wife is a careful cook
- She is a foolish boy
- She has a beautiful flower
Identification and uses of Adjectives – Comparison of Adjectives
Adjectives can be compared when we add “er” and “est” these three levels or degrees of comparison are called positive, comparative and superlatives.
The positive describes a noun or pronoun. i.e big, fast, clever, etc.
The comparative is used to compare only two nouns or pronouns for example; longer, taller, bigger, faster, cleaverer, etc.
The superlative is used to compare more than two nouns or pronouns; for example: biggest, fastest, cleverest, etc.
Formation of comparative and superlative
- Using adjectives to form comparative by adding ‘er’ and their superlative by adding ‘est’ to the positive.
- Using adjectives whose positive end with “e”, we add “r” to form comparative ‘st’ to form superlative.
- Positive adjectives ends with “Y” and has a consonant before it, the ‘Y’ is changed into “i”, then “er” and “est’ are added to form comparative and superlative.
- When the last letter of the positives are doubled before ‘er’ and ‘est’ are added to form comparative and superlative.
- Adding of “more” and “most” to form comparative and superlative from the Positive adjective.
|1||careless||More careless||Most careless|
|2||Brilliant||More brilliant||most brilliant|
|3||Handsome||More handsome||Most handsome|
- Irregular comparative and superlative; they have no fixed rules
- Some Adjectives that do not change their positive form
USING POSITIVE, COMPARTIVE AND SUPERLATIVE CORRECTLY IN ANY GIVEN SENTENCE
POSITIVE CORRECTLY IN A SENTINCE
- A beautiful girl.
- A careful doctor
- He is a brave soldier.
- My teacher is a good person.
- She is young for her age.
USING COMPARATIVE CORRECTLY IN A SENTENCE
- He is older than I am.
- She is my younger sister.
- Tuned is more handsome than Femi.
- My father is richer than I am.
- The water is hotter than the sunlight.
USING SUPERLATIVE CORRECTLY IN SENTENCE
- I am the most brilliant, in the class.
- This is the widest road in my street.
- Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
- Mr. Paul is the best teacher in the school.
- My father is the richest in the community.
Instruction: Complete the following table with the right positive, comparative, superlative.
- What is an adjective?
- Mention three examples of adjectives.
PREFIX AND SUFFIX
Prefix is a group of letters that is added to the beginning of a word to change its meaning and make new word.
For example ‘un’ in Unknown.
Examples of Prefixes
- Ab + here = Adhere
- Bi + cycle = Bicycle
- Ex + port = Export
- Mis + take = Mistake
- Re + turn = Return
- In + human = inhuman
Suffix is formed when a letter is or letters are added to the end of a word. For example ‘oon’ in “Balloon”.
Examples of Suffixes
- Move + able = Moveable
- Care + less = careless
- Punish + ment = punishment
- Mount + tain = Mountain
- Eat + able = Eatable
Instruction: in each of the following, underline the prefix or suffix to each of the given word.
- _______Easy. A. Un B. bo
- ___Joy. A. ful B. En
- Move_____. A. me B. ment
- Eat_______. A.able B. sh
- What is suffix?
- What is prefix?