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MEANING AND DEFINITION OF ROAD ACCIDENTS

SUBJECT: SOCIAL STUDIES

TERM: THIRD TERM

WEEK: WEEK 2 and 3

CLASS: PRIMARY 3

DURATION: 40 MINUTES 

TOPIC: MEANING AND DEFINITION OF ROAD ACCIDENTS

UNITS:

  • Meaning  Of  accident and road accidents
  • Causes of road accidents.
  • Remedy for road accidents
  •  

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this topic, Pupils should be able to:

  1. Know the meaning of accident and road accident
  2. How to remain save on the road
  3. Causes of road accidents
  4. Remedy for road accidents

TEACHING AND LEARNING AIDS

  • Whiteboard/ chalkboard
  • Informative  poster
  • Informative video
  • Pictures
  •  Notebooks
  • charts

TEACHING METHOD

  • Explanation
  • Class Discussion
  • Questions and Answers

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
  • Universal Basic Education Board Curriculum for Primary Schools
  • Lagos State Scheme of Work for Social studies
  • Online Materials.
  • Social Studies Text Books for Primary Schools.

MODULE CONTENT

MEANING OF ACCIDENT

According to Oxford dictionary Accident is “an unfortunate incident that happens unexpectedly and unintentionally, typically resulting in damage or injury.

An accident is what suddenly happens when one does not expect it and it causes harm or damage. Accident can happen anywhere and at any time.

What is Road? Roads is an open, generally, public way for the passage of vehicles, people and animals.

Road accident is when an unfortunate incident happens unexpectedly on the road that causes harm or injury.

CAUSES OF ROAD ACCIDENT

The following are some of the causes of road accidents

  1. Bad road
  2. Over speeding
  3. Over loading
  4. Bad weather
  5. Poor vehicle maintenance
  6. Bad driving habits
  7. Fatigue
  8. Congestion
  9. Carelessness and inability to  interpret road signs
  10. Bad state of vehicles

HOW TO REMAIN SAFE ON THE ROAD

To be safe means to be protected from danger. The following are ways we can be safe on the road.

  1. Drive carefully
  2. Make use of pedestrian crossing
  3. Always read  and understand road signs
  4. Do not drink and drive
  5. Prevent distraction while driving
  6. Establish eye contact with the driver to ensure you have been seen.
  7. When crossing the road always look for oncoming traffic.
  8. Avoid crossing in-between vehicles.

REMEDY OF ROAD ACCIDENTS

  1. Build good road and new road
  2. Introduce  speed  limit method
  3. Good monitoring  and use of alcohol detective device
  4. Enlightenment campaign seminars and workshop for drivers.

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURE

  • The Teacher revises the previous lesson.
  • The Teacher introduces the topic.
  • The Teacher explains the lessons.
  • The Teacher write the note on the board.

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

  • What is an accident?
  • What is road accident?
  • Mention three causes of road accidents
  • Mention three ways to remain safe on the road
  • Mention three remedy of road accidents

CONCLUSION: the teacher summarize the lesson.

Next Lesson:CAUSES OF ROAD ACCIDENT

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