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CHANGES IN NATURE

TITLE: NOTE OF LESSON ON BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

SUBJECT: BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

TERM: FIRST TERM

WEEK: WEEK 1

CLASS: PRIMARY 4

NAME OF TEACHER:

DATE:          

AGE OF STUDENTS:

CLASS COMPOSITION: Slow and fast learners.

PERIOD:

TIME: 40 MINUTES

TOPIC: CHANGES IN NATURE

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:

  1. Know the meaning of change.
  2. Mention the changes they observe in their surrounding
  3. Tell the differences between temporary and permanent changes
  4.  Examples of temporary and permanent changes.

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Pot
  • Stove/cooking Gas
  • Block
  • Bucket
  • Water
  • Candle
  • Green and yellow leaves
  • knife
  • Whiteboard/Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Explanatory videos

TEACHING AND LEARNING METHODS

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Questions and answer

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
  • Universal Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
  • Lagos State Scheme of Work.
  • Online Materials.
  • Edudelight Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE: the students have been taught

WORD FILE:                         

             LESSON CONTENT

                      CHANGES IN NATURE

What is change? Change is when something loses one’s or its original nature or it is an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another.

When things are no longer in their normal form, it means a change has occurred. Living things and non-living things do experience changes.

Living things are things that have life like animals (cat, dog), Human beings (Male and female) while non-living things are things without life like stone, table, chairs chalkboard.

Examples of changes

  1. Iron becoming rusty
  2. Green leaves turning yellow
  3. Melting of candle wax
  4. Ice block changing to water
  5. Girl changes to woman
  6. Boy changes to man

Changes in Natures Occurs in two forms. These are: Temporary changes and Permanent changes

Types of changes

Temporary changes (Reversible Changes) are changes that happened for a short time and they are reversible.

Temporary changes occurs due to the change in position or condition in the Environment

Temporary changes occurs in living and non- living things.

Examples of Temporary changes

  1. Water changes to ice block during low temperature.
  2. Ice block changes to water when the temperature is raised.
  3. Water becomes hot when heated.
  4. Water becomes cold removed from fire after some time.
  5. Chameleon change its colours to its environment.

Permanent changes (irreversible Changes)

Once permanent change occurred the body or thing affected cannot be reverse to the way, it was before. That is, it is irreversible.

Permanent change also occurs in both living and non-living things.

Examples of Permanent changes

  1. A child changes to an adult.
  2.  cassava turn to Garri
  3. A dead person cannot live again.
  4. Trees cut into planks to make furniture.
  5. Wood burnt into ashes.
  6. Cement mixed with sand and water to make block.

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURE

  • The Teacher introduce the lesson (CHANGES IN NATURE).
  • The Teacher explains the lessons.s

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

Learners participate in the class discussion

LESSON EVALUATION

Teacher ask the learners to:

  1. Define change.
  2. Mention three changes they observe in their surrounding
  3. Tell the differences between temporary and permanent changes
  4. Give three Examples of temporary and permanent changes.

CONCLUSION: the teacher summarize the lesson.

NEXT LESSON: CHANGES IN PLANTS

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