COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES 

  1. Explain the term positive, comparative and superlative
  2. State when to use them
  3. Use them correctly in any given sentence

An adjective is a word that qualifies or describes things or persons.  It tells us more about a noun.

Adding an adjective to a noun  or pronoun, make the meaning of a sentence clear.

Examples of adjectives

  1. Fine
  2. Short
  3. Tall
  4. Rich
  5. Fat
  6. Long
  7. Big
  8. Old

Examples of adjectives

  1. A fat woman.
  2. A long ruler
  3. A tall girl
  4. A poor man
  5. This is a short man

EVALUATION

Read the sentences and underline the adjectives

  1. Samson has a big ball.
  2. The tall teacher is coming.
  3. My wife is a careful cook
  4. She is a foolish boy
  5. She has a beautiful flower

Identification and uses of Adjectives – Comparison of Adjectives         

Adjectives can be compared  when we add “er” and “est” these three levels  or degrees of comparison are called positive, comparative and superlatives.

The positive describes a noun or pronoun. i.e big, fast, clever, etc.

The comparative is used to compare only two nouns or pronouns for example; longer, taller, bigger, faster, cleaverer, etc.

The superlative is used to compare more than two nouns or pronouns; for example: biggest, fastest, cleverest, etc.

Formation of comparative and superlative

  1. Using adjectives to form comparative by adding ‘er’ and their superlative by adding ‘est’ to the positive.
  Positive Comparative Superlative
1 big bigger Biggest
2 slow slower slowest
3 short shorter shortest
4 young younger youngest
5 rich richer richest
  •  Using adjectives whose positive end with “e”, we add “r” to form comparative ‘st’ to form superlative.
  Positive Comparative Superlative
1 Fine finer finest
2 brave braver bravest
3 pure purer purest
  •   Positive adjectives ends with “Y” and has a consonant before it, the ‘Y’ is changed into “i”, then “er” and “est’ are added to form comparative and superlative.
  Positive Comparative Superlative
1 lazy lazier laziest
2 merry merrier merriest
3 heavy heavier heaviest
  • When the last letter of the positives are doubled before ‘er’ and ‘est’ are added to form comparative and superlative.
  Positive Comparative Superlative
1 big bigger Biggest
2 thin thinner thinnest
3 hot hotter hottest
  •    Adding of “more” and “most” to form comparative and superlative from the Positive adjective.
  Positive Comparative Superlative
1 careless More careless Most careless
2 Brilliant More brilliant most brilliant
3 Handsome More handsome Most handsome
  •    Irregular comparative and superlative; they have no fixed  rules
  Positive Comparative Superlative
1 good better Best
2 many more most
3 bad worse worst
  •   Some  Adjectives that do not change  their positive  form
  Positive Comparative Superlative
1 full full full
2 left left left
3 wrong wrong wrong

USING POSITIVE, COMPARTIVE AND SUPERLATIVE CORRECTLY IN ANY GIVEN SENTENCE

USING POSITIVE CORRECTLY IN A SENTINCE

  1. A beautiful girl.
  2. A careful doctor
  3. He is a brave soldier.
  4. My teacher is a good person.
  5. She is young for her age.

USING COMPARATIVE CORRECTLY IN A SENTENCE

  1. He is older than I am.
  2. She is my younger sister.
  3. Tuned is more handsome than Femi.
  4. My father is richer than I am.
  5. The water is hotter than the sunlight.

USING SUPERLATIVE CORRECTLY IN SENTENCE

  1.  I am the most brilliant, in the class.
  2. This is the widest road in my street.
  3. Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
  4. Mr. Paul is the best teacher in the school.
  5. My father is the richest in the community.

EVALUATION

Instruction: Complete the following table with the right positive, comparative, superlative.

  Positive Comparative Superlative
1 late   latest
2 soon sooner  
3   better best
4 quickly   Most quickly
5 right right  

THEORY

  1. What is an adjective?
  2. Mention three examples of adjectives.

Lessonplan

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