COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES
- Explain the term positive, comparative and superlative
- State when to use them
- Use them correctly in any given sentence
An adjective is a word that qualifies or describes things or persons. It tells us more about a noun.
Adding an adjective to a noun or pronoun, make the meaning of a sentence clear.
Examples of adjectives
Examples of adjectives
- A fat woman.
- A long ruler
- A tall girl
- A poor man
- This is a short man
Read the sentences and underline the adjectives
- Samson has a big ball.
- The tall teacher is coming.
- My wife is a careful cook
- She is a foolish boy
- She has a beautiful flower
Identification and uses of Adjectives – Comparison of Adjectives
Adjectives can be compared when we add “er” and “est” these three levels or degrees of comparison are called positive, comparative and superlatives.
The positive describes a noun or pronoun. i.e big, fast, clever, etc.
The comparative is used to compare only two nouns or pronouns for example; longer, taller, bigger, faster, cleaverer, etc.
The superlative is used to compare more than two nouns or pronouns; for example: biggest, fastest, cleverest, etc.
Formation of comparative and superlative
- Using adjectives to form comparative by adding ‘er’ and their superlative by adding ‘est’ to the positive.
- Using adjectives whose positive end with “e”, we add “r” to form comparative ‘st’ to form superlative.
- Positive adjectives ends with “Y” and has a consonant before it, the ‘Y’ is changed into “i”, then “er” and “est’ are added to form comparative and superlative.
- When the last letter of the positives are doubled before ‘er’ and ‘est’ are added to form comparative and superlative.
- Adding of “more” and “most” to form comparative and superlative from the Positive adjective.
|1||careless||More careless||Most careless|
|2||Brilliant||More brilliant||most brilliant|
|3||Handsome||More handsome||Most handsome|
- Irregular comparative and superlative; they have no fixed rules
- Some Adjectives that do not change their positive form
USING POSITIVE, COMPARTIVE AND SUPERLATIVE CORRECTLY IN ANY GIVEN SENTENCE
POSITIVE CORRECTLY IN A SENTINCE
- A beautiful girl.
- A careful doctor
- He is a brave soldier.
- My teacher is a good person.
- She is young for her age.
USING COMPARATIVE CORRECTLY IN A SENTENCE
- He is older than I am.
- She is my younger sister.
- Tuned is more handsome than Femi.
- My father is richer than I am.
- The water is hotter than the sunlight.
USING SUPERLATIVE CORRECTLY IN SENTENCE
- I am the most brilliant, in the class.
- This is the widest road in my street.
- Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
- Mr. Paul is the best teacher in the school.
- My father is the richest in the community.
Instruction: Complete the following table with the right positive, comparative, superlative.
- What is an adjective?
- Mention three examples of adjectives.