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PREPARATION OF COMPOST/MANURE

TITLE: NOTE OF LESSON ON AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

SUBJECT: AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

THEME: PROCESSES OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION

TERM: FIRST TERM

WEEK: WEEK 8

CLASS: PRIMARY 4

NAME OF TEACHER:

DATE:          

AGE OF STUDENTS:

CLASS COMPOSITION: Slow and fast learners.

PERIOD:

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE: the students are familiar with Ways of making soil fertile.

DURATION: 40 MINUTES

TOPIC: PREPARATION OF COMPOST/MANURE

Units:

  • Meaning of compost/manure.
  • Location of the compost
  • Methods of compost making
  • Materials for compost making
  • Steps in making compost

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this Module, Pupils should be able to know about the:

  • Meaning of compost/manure.
  • Location of the compost
  • Methods of compost making
  • Materials for compost making
  • Steps in making compost

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Samples of soil
  • Whiteboard/ Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Explanatory videos

TEACHING AND LEARNING METHOD

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Questions and Answers.

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • Universal Basic Education Curriculum.
  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for Primary Schools.
  • Unified Schemes of Work Primary Schools four Agricultural Science (MIDDLE BASIC)
  • Internet.
  • Lagos State Agricultural Science Scheme of Work
  • Edudelight Agricultural Science for Primary Schools.

WORD FILE: vegetation, decaying, compost.

                MODULE CONTENT

MEANING OF COMPOST/MANURE

Compost is a mixture of decaying vegetation and manure (animals and plants); used as a fertilizer. Compost improves plants food and make the crop to grow well. Location of compost

LOCATION OF THE COMPOST

We should consider the following before preparing compost

  1. A source of water should be close by.
  2. The ground should be a level and well drained.
  3. It should be close to the farm garden.
  4. It should be close to where materials for preparing compost will be collected.
  5. There should be some shade to prevent intense sunlight from drying up the heap.
  6. The compost should be store in a cemented with an overhead cover.

MATERIALS FOR MAKING COMPOST

  1. Water
  2. soil
  3. Plant garbage
  4. Animal muck
  5. Food waste
  6. Little Wood ash (saw dust)
  7. Dried flower
  8. Dry leaves
  9. Weed without seed

METHODS OF COMPOST MAKING

  1. Pit method
  2. Heap Method

STEPS IN MAKING COMPOST (PIT METHOD)

The following are steps for preparing compost using pit method.

  1. Dig four pits labelled A, B, C and D. of equal size (1m * 1m * 0.5m).
  2. Arrange the materials for making compost in layer separated by soil in pit A (Loading pit) and wet with water for easy decomposition.
  3. After two weeks, move the content of pit A to B (first turn).
  4. After about one week, move the content of B to C (second turn).
  5. After another one week, move the content of pit C to D.
  6. Cover the compost to prevent evaporation, leaching and erosion before applying it to the farm.
  7. The content in pit D ids now the COMPOST/MANURE after 6 -8 weeks.

PREPARING COMPOST USING HEAP METHOD

Compost is prepared using heap method by placing the compost materials in a heap buried with soil and moistened with water.

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURE

  • The Teacher revises the previous lesson (Ways of making soil fertile).
  • The Teacher introduces the topic (PREPARATIONO OF COMPOST/MANURE).
  • The Teacher explains the lessons.

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  • Learners participate in the class discussion

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

  • What is compost?
  • List the Methods of compost making
  • Mention five Materials for compost making
  • Explain the Steps in making compost

CONCLUSION: the teacher summarize the lesson.

PREVIOUS LESSON: SOIL FERTILITY

NEXT LESSON: PRESERVATION OF FARM PRODUCE

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