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Economics Third Term Scheme of Work and Lesson Notes for Senior Secondary School One( SSS 1)

SS I THIRD TERM SCHEME OF WORK FOR 2019/2020 ACADEMIC SESSION.

WEEK    

  1. Distributive trade
  2. Middlemen
  3. Money
  4. Financial institutions
  5. Concept of demand and supply
  6. Supply
  7. Equilibrium price/price determination
  8. The nature of the Nigerian Economy
  9. Agriculture
  10. Mining
  11. Revision
  12. Examination

Lesson Note For The First Week Ending 27-04-2020

Class –                            SSI

Duration –                       40 m/p

Number of period-          4

Topic – DISTRIBUTIVE TRADE

Sub-Topic – THE WHOLESALER

Objectives – The students are expected to:

  1. Give the meaning of distributive trade
  2. State the functions of all parties involved  in distributive trade (chain of distribution)
  3. State the meaning and functions of the wholesaler to the producers and to the retailers.

PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE –  The students are familiar to the method of buying and selling of goods and services.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS –  Charts

REFERENCE MATERIAL –  Essential Economics by C.E. Andy; fundamental Economics by R.A.I Anyawuocha.

CONTENT: Period 1 & 2

Chain of distribution  

DISTRIBUTIVE TRADE- It shows how goods and services flow from the production point to the point of consumption. This  movement is usually done by the middlemen.

Manufacturer  
Retailer  
Consumer  
Wholesaler  

THE WHOLESALER –  He is a middleman that buys goods in large quantity from the producers and sells to the retailer in small units. i.e He buys goods n gross from the manufacturer and sells in scores or dozens to the retailer.

Presentation:

Step 1:          The teacher revises the previous term work.

Step 2:        He introduces the new topic.

Step 3:        Gives explanation of salient  points

Step 4:        General class discussion

Evaluation

  1. What  is distributive trade?
  2. Define the term wholesaler

Assignment

  1. Give the various chains at which goods can flow/move from the manufacturer/producer to the final consumer.

Period 3 and 4

Duration –                       40 m/p

Number of period –         2

CONTENT – FUNCTIONED OF THE WHOLESALER

  • TO THE PRODUCER:
  • Trade Credit:-  He makes money available to the producer in advance by making payment before goods are supplied to him.
  • Warehouse function: He helps the producers to produce more by solving the problem of space and storage by keeping goods in his own warehouse.
  • Advertisement:- He provides local (door to door) advert for the product.
  • He finds  market for the manufacturer
  • He advises the manufacturers
  • He bears the risk of fall in prices
  • Keeps manufacturers informed about market

3.        TO THE RETAILERS:

1.        Breaking of bulk: He sells in small units to the retailers.

2.        Credit facilities:  He sells on credit to the retailers

3.        Offers the Retailers variety of choice

4.        He bears the risk if fall in price

5.        He advises the Retailers

6.        He performs the function of grading and packaging of goods.

7.        He promotes the retailers trade.

THE RETAILERS: He is the middleman that buys all sorts of goods and services in small quantities in order to sell to the final consumers.

Functions of Retailers

  1. He sells in small units
  2. He advises the consumers and wholesalers
  3. He sells on credit to the consumers
  4. He renders after sales service
  5. He brings goods nearer to the consumer
  6. He completes the process of production
  7. He advertises the goods.

TYPES OF METHODS OF RETAIL TRADE

  1. Hawking:  It has to do with carrying goods from one place to another.
  2. Market place Retailing: These are  retailers found in the market place.
  3. Street Retailing:-  These are retailers found along the street
  4. Small stores:-  They represent retailer that operate in rented shops.
  5. Departmental stores:  It is a store with different units  selling various item.
  6. Multiple shops:- A shop that has various branches across the country.
  7. Supermarket: It is like a self service shop. It deals mainly in household goods like fruits etc others include, mails order business, retail co-operative society, self service shops etc.

Presentation:

Step 1:        The teacher revises the previous lesson

Step 2:        Introduces the new lesson

Step 3:        General class discussion

Evaluation

  1. What are the functions of the wholesaler to the retailers and the manufacturers?

Assignment

List out the various type of Retailers, stating their features, functions, advantages and disadvantages if any.

Lesson Note For The Second Week Ending 4th May 2020

Class –                            SSI

Duration –                       40 m/p

Number of period-          4

Topic-                            THE MIDDLEMEN

Objectives –                    The students should be able to:

  • State the meaning of the middle men.
  • Argued for and against the elimination of the middlemen.
  • State some problems associated with distribution in Nigeria

PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE –  The students are already familiar with the wholesalers and retailers.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS –  Charts

REFERENCES MATERIAL – Fundamental Economics for SSCE by R.A.I Anyawuocha Essential Economics by C.E. Andy.

CONTENT  P 1 & 2

ARGUMENT FOR AND AGAINST THE ELIMINATION FO THE MIDDLEMEN

Argument for:

  1. Price Hike: It is believe that the middlemen are responsible for increase in price of goods and services.
  2. Creation of artificial scarcity:  The middlemen sometimes hoard goods causing  artificial scarcity in order to  raise  the price.
  3. Product adulteration:  The middlemen sometimes reduce the quality of product so as to make more profit.

Argument against

  1. Middlemen help to bring goods from production units to consumption points.
  2. The middlemen degree their profit since they are engaged in risk during distribution.
  3. Other functions performed by middle men include:
  4. Buying and breaking the bulk
  5. Provides after sales service
  6. Providing warehousing facilities and credits

Presentation:

Step 1:        The teacher revises the previous  topic

Step 2:        Introduces the new topic

Step 3:        Explanation of salient point

Step 4:        General class discussion

Assessment

  1. The middlemen are devil  in nature juxtapose

Period 3 & 4

Duration –                       40 m/p

Number of period –         2

Topic:                            The middlemen

CONTENT

Some reasons that may warrant the elimination of middlemen.

  1. When  perishable goods are involved
  2. When it involves goods with low demand
  3. When manufacturers have their own retail outlet.
  4. When goods required direct services to the consumer by the producer
  5. When it involves some technicality in service delivery.

Problems of product distribution in Nigeria

  1. Poor transportation
  2. Inadequate storage facilities
  3. Hoarding
  4. Too many middlemen
  5. Inadequate credit facilities
  6. The nature of the product
  7. Inadequate information

Presentation

Step i:         Revision of the last lesson

Step ii:        Introduction of the new lesson

Step iii:       General class discussion.

Assessment

  • List at least five reasons why the middlemen should be eliminated
  • List some factors affecting as  anything product distribution in for the Africa.

Assignment

  1. Write out at least six ways of improving the system of consumer goods in West Africa.

Lesson Note For The Third Week Ending 11-05-2020

Class –                  SSI

Duration –             40 m/p

Number of period- 4

Topic – MONEY

Objectives –  The students  should be  able to:

  1. Define money
  2. Say brief history of money
  3. States the problems of barter system that led to money
  4. List and explain the qualities, types and function of money.

PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE – The students are familiar with money and the use of money.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL – Pictures and charts

REFERENCE MATERIALS – Fundamental of Economics R.A.I Anyawuocha

CONTENT

Money can be defined as anything that is generally acceptable for the payment of goods and services as well as for the settlement of debts.

ORIGIN OF MONEY

In ancient times a numbering communities used different articles as money. Some of the communities that were used in earlier times as money were cowry shells, cattle, bronze, shares, metal bars and precious metals like gold and silver. The paper money currently in use came from the receipts used by the goldsmith to back up the deposit of valuables kept with them.

BARTER SYSTEM OF TRADE

This is the system of trade which involves the exchange of goods for goods and services for services without the use of money. It was the problems of barter system that led to the introduction of money as a medium of exchange.

THE PROBLEMS OF BARTER SYSTEM

  1. Difficulty of double coincidence of wants
  2. Waste of time and energy
  3. Difficulty in assessing the tree value of commodities.
  4. Problem of divisibility of some goods
  5. Bulkiness of commodities
  6. Miscellaneous problems such as lack of portability, divisibility, durability etc.

Presentation

Step 1:          Revision of the last topic

Step 2:        Introduction to the new topic

Step 3:        Explanation of cogent point

Step 4:        General Class discussion

Assessment

  1. What is money?
  2. Differentiate between money and   barter trade
  3. What are the actors that necessitate the use of  money?

Assignment

Write out a comprehensive note tracing the history of money.

Period 3 and 4

Duration                         40 m/p

Number of period          2

Topic                             money

Content

  1. Acceptability: It must be generally acceptable as a medium of exchange and for the settlement of debt.
  2. Durability: It must be  able to  be broken down unto smaller units
  3. Homogeneity: It must be the same.
  4. Recognizable: A good money must be easily identifiable.
  5. Portability:  It must not be bulky
  6. No intrinsic value:  Its material worth must not be greater than its face value.

Types/form of money

  1. Coins
  2. Notes/paper money
  3. Commodity money
  4. Legal tender
  5. Bank deposit
  6. Fiduciary note issue
  7. Representative money

Functions of money

  1. Medium of exchange: Money serves as a means through which buying and selling takes place.
  2. Measure of commodity’s value: It is  used to calculate the worth of  an item.
  3. Store of value:  Goods can be sold and kept in money form until when they are needed. Though due to inflation, money has not been able to perform this function.
  4. Standard of deferred payment:- Money makes it possible for debt to be settled in future date.
  5. Unit of Account:  Money allows things to be calculated in monetary term/value.
  6. Encouragement of lending and borrowing:- Money makes bank loans and overdraft as well as other landing and borrowing possible.

Presentation

Step 1:        Revision of the last topic

Step 2:        Introduction of the new topic

Step 3:        Explanation of salient points

Step 4:        General class discussion

Assessment

  1. List and explain at least four qualities of money
  2. What are the functions of money?

Assignment

  1. List and explain at least seven types of money.

Conclusion

The teacher summarizes the lesson and gives the students note.

Lesson Note For The Fourth Week Ending 2020-05-2020

Class                    SSI

Duration               40 m/p

Number of period 4

Topic – FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

OBJECTIVE – The students are  expected to:

  1. State the meaning of financial institution
  2. List and explain the types of financial institutions
  3. Differentiate between the central but and the commercial banks
  4. State the functions of the commercial and the central bank.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS – CHARTS

REFERENCES MATERIALS – Comprehensive Economic, for SS1 – 3 by Johnson  Ugoji Anyaele.

CONTENT

Financial institutions are organizations that deal with money or money worth.

Types of financial Institution

  1. Traditional financial institution:  These are traditional association; that performs the function of lending, and borrowing as well as safe keeping of money for its members e.g Esusu
  2. Commercial Banks: (Joint Stock Bank): These are financial institution that deals in money and credit, as well as receiving deposits from the public for safe keeping. They are usually established to make profit.

FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMERCIAL BANKS

  1. They accept deposit from customers
  2. They serve as agent of payment on behalf of their customers.
  3. They lend money to customers
  4. They help to keep valuables for customers
  5. They render technical advice to their customers.
  6. The sometimes engage in direct investment.

Creation of credit

The commercial banks create credit by increasing the money in circulation through its lending of money being deposited by customer.  It does this in the following ways.

  • Charging interest on loan given
  • By granting overdrafts to customers
  • By discounting bills and purchasing treasury bills from the government.

Conditions necessary for commercial Banks to create money

  1. All commercial Bank must act the same way.
  2. The law must permit only a small portion of customer’s deposits to be kept.
  3. All money borrowed from the bank must be deposited into another bank.

Presentation:

Step 1:        Revision of the previous lesson

Step 2:        Introduction of the new lesson

Step 3:        Explanation of salient points

Step 4:        General class discussion

Assessment

  1. What is financial institution?
  2. List and explain the types of financial institutions.

Assignment:

Write out the functions of the commercial banks of Nigeria

Period 3 & 4

THE CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA

It is the bank established by the Federal Government which helps to regulate the entire financial and monetary system of the country.

FUNCTIONS OF THE CENTRAL BANK OF NIGERIA

  1. It serves as the government bank
  2. It severs as the bankers bank
  3. It acts as the leaders of last resort
  4. It issues the currency of the country
  5. It undertakes foreign transaction for the country
  6. It helps to promote economic growth and development in the country.

CONTROL OF THE COMMERCIAL BANK BY THE CENTRAL BANK.

  1. Open Market Operation (O.M.O): It does this by either selling or buying securities to or from the commercial banks respectively if it is sells securities money will be reduced in circulation while reverse is the case on buying securities.
  2. Bank rate: It is the rate at which interest is charged or bills are discounted. It can increase or decrease bank rate.
  3. Liquidity ratio: It represents the amount of deposited funds that must be kept with the central bank in order to meet with customers demand for money. They can increase or decrease it.
  4. Special deposit: Central Bank of Nigeria can instruct the commercial banks to keep a special amount with it.
  5. Special Directive: The Central Bank of Nigeria can direct the commercial banks on how to grant loans.
  6. Moral suasion: In this case the Central Bank of Nigeria can plead with the commercial banks in certain personal policy  etc.

Presentation

Step i:         Teacher  revises the previous lesson

Step ii:        Introduces the new topic

Step iii:       Explanation at the salient points

Step iv:       General class discussion

Assessment

  1. Define the term “Central Bank”
  2. What are the functions of the Central  Bank?

Assignment

  1. State and explain the instruments used by the Central Bank to control the activities of the commercial banks

Conclusion

The teacher summarizes  the lesson and gives students note.

Lesson Note For The Fifth Week Ending 25-05-2020

Class                    SS1

Duration               40 m/p

Number of period 4

Topic                    DEMAND

Objectives            The students are expected to:

  1. State the meaning of demand
  2. List and explain the factors affecting demand
  3. Draw a demand schedule  and graph (curve)

PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE  –  The students are familiar with buying and selling of goods and services.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL – CHART

REFERENCE MATERIAL – Comprehensive Economics for SS1 – 3 by Johnson  Ugoji  Anyaele, fundamental Economics R.A.I Anyanwuocha.

CONTENT:

Demand may be defined as the quantity of goods and services. A consumer is willing to buy at a particular time and as a given price Demand is different from a mere desire or want in the sense that, it must be backed up with a purchasing power, ability to pay.

Wants:- These are desires which are not backed, by the ability to pay or purchasing power.

Effective demand – This is the demand backed by willingness and ability to pay.

Demand Schedule:  This is a table used to represent the quantity of goods demanded by consumers.

Example

Price (N)                                                     Quantity demanded kg

            100                                                                                         10

            50                                                                                           20

            30                                                                                           30

            20                                                                                           40

            10                                                                                           50

Demand curve –  It is the use of graph in representing the quantity of goods demanded.

100    50    30    20    10     0
Text Box: Price

Example

Laws of Demand: It states that the lower the price the higher the quantity demanded while the higher the price the lower the quantity demanded.

TYPES OF DEMAND

  • Complimentary/Joint Demand:  This is the demand for two items at the same time of which one complement the other e.g beans and bread, kerosene and stove, bread and butter.
  • Competitive demand: This is the demand for two goods that serves as substitute/replacement for each other e.g coke and pepsi, milo and Bournvita.
  • Composite Demand: This is the demand for goods that can be put to several uses e.g cassava, beans, flour etc.
  • Derived Demand: This is the demand for a good not for its sake but what it will help to provide or satisfy e.g factors of production. They are needed to produce other goods.

FACTORS AFFECTING DEMAND

  1. Price
  2. Income of the consumer
  3. Taste and fashion
  4. Price of other goods
  5. Population
  6. Advertisement
  7. Taxation
  8. Weather condition expectation of future change in price.

Presentation

Step 1:        Teacher revises the previous lesson

Step 2:        He introduces the new topic

Step 3:        Gives explanation of cogent points.

Step 4:        General class discussion.

Assignment

  1. What is demand?
  2. State at least four (4) factors affecting demand with a detail explanation.

Assignment

Differentiate between change in demand and change in quantity demand.

Conclusion

Teacher summarizes the lesson and gives note to the students.

Lesson Note For The Sixth Week Ending 01-06-2020

Class                    SSI

Duration               40 m/p

Number of period 4

Topic                    Supply

Objectives           The students are expected to:

  1. Define supply
  2. State the law  of supply
  3. Explain supply schedule  and curve
  4. State and explain the factors affecting supply

PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE – The students have been taught about demand in the last lesson.

INSTRUCTION MATERIAL – CHART

REFERENCE MATERIAL – Fundamental Economics by R.A.I Anyawuocha

CONTENT

Supply is the quantity of goods and services a seller is willing to offer for sale at a given price and over a period of time.

Types of supply

  1. Complementary supply/Joint Supply: This is the supply of two things that  can be obtained  or gotten from the same source without one effecting the production of the other e.g palm kernel  and palm oil, garri and starch.
  2. Competitive:  It is the supply of two goods that serve as class substitutes. Once one is supplied, the other will be left unsupplied eg garri and fufu.
  3. Composite supply: It is the supply of various things that can provide the same satisfaction e.g the supply of lamp, lantern, torchlight etc these are supplied to provide lightening.

LAWS OF SUPPLY

The  law of supply states that if price increase, quantity supplied will increase while quantity supplied will decreased as price decrease.

FACTORS AFFECTING SUPPLY

  1. Price
  2. Price of other commodities
  3. Cost of production
  4. Taxation
  5. Weather condition
  6. Level of  technology
  7. Number of producers.

SUPPLY SCHEDULE

It is the table showing the quantity of goods and services supplied at a given price over a period of time e.g.

Price (N)                                           Quantity supplied (kg)

            5                                                                      500

            4                                                                      400

            3                                                                      300

            2                                                                      200

            1                                                                      100

5 4 3 2 1 0
 100       200       300            400     500     Q
SI

Supply curve: It is a graph used in representing the quantity of goods and services supplied.

Presentation

Step i.         Teacher introduces the lesson

Step ii:        Introduces the new topic

Step iii:       Explanation of cogent points

Step iv:       General class discussion

Assessment:

  1. What is supply?
  2. Mention the type of supply

Assignment

  1. List and explain the factors affecting supply.

Conclusion

Teacher summarizes the lesson and gives note to the students

Lesson Note for The Seventh Week Ending 08-06-2020

Class                              SSI

Duration                         40 m/p

Number of period           4

Topic                             EQUILIBRIUM PRICE/PRICE DETERMINATION

Objectives: The students are expected to:

  1. Give the meaning of equilibrium
  2. Illustrate equilibrium price, quantity and point using a demand and supply curve.
  3. Explain price determination etc

PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE – Students have been taught about demand and supply.

INSTRUCTION MATERIAL – The use of chart, marker and white board.

REFERENCE MATERIAL- Fundamental of Economics by R.A.I Anyawuocha.

CONTENT

Equilibrium price and quantity refers to the points where quantity demanded equals quantity supplied at equilibrium demand is equal to supply. Which above the equilibrium price, supply is greater or in excess of demand. Below the equilibrium, demand is greater than Supply.

Illustration of Equilibrium from demand and supply schedule

Price                          Qty DD                                  Qty SS

 5                                 100                                        500

 4                                 200                                        400

 3                                 300                                        300

 2                                 400                                        200

 

 1                                 500                                         100

5   4   3   2   1   0

Illustration of Equilibrium from demand and supply curves

Price  
 Excess          supply
100                         200                         300                         400                         500    
Excess    Demand    
         Qty  
Equilibrium

Food, cloth, shelter, education, healthcare

Needs: you must have for survival

Wants: good to have but not essential for survival.

Good to know for saving & spending wisely

Needs- limited,                              wants- unlimited

Something you must have,         something you wish to have

Necessary                                       Desire

Needed for sumral                        Not needed

Constant                                          changes

Time table

Tuesday:

SS1A (8:00- 8:40)

SS1B (8:40- 9:20)

SS1B (9:20- 10:00)

SS1C (3:20-4:00)

Wednesday:

SS1A (10:50-11:30)

SS1B (1:30- 2:10)

SS1A (3:20- 400)

Thursday:

SS1C (9:20-10:00)

SS1B (10:10- 10:50)

DEMAND AND SUPPLY FUNCTIONS TO

 DETERMINE EQUILIBRIUM PRICE AND QUANTITY

ILLUSTRATION

The demand and supply equation for a commodity, (in a free market) are giving as:

   Qd = 10- 2p

   QS = 4p-8

  • Given that p is in Naira, Qd and QS are in kg, determine
  • The equilibrium price and
  • The equilibrium quantity
  • i. if the price (p) were to be N4.00 what will be the excess supply?

ii. If the price is fined at N2.00, what will be the excess demand?

Solution

Qd = QS at equilibrium:  if Qd= 10-2p and QS = 4p-8 Then:

   10-2p = 4p-8

10+8 = 4p+2p 

2020 = 6p

 P =  =N3

1+p =N3 using the Qd i.e.

10-2p

10-2(3)

10-6=4

Therefore the equilibrium price = N3 and the equilibrium quantity is 4kg.

(2) It price is find at N4.00

Qd = 10-2(4)

       = 10-8 =2kg

QS = 4p-8

       = 4(4)-8

       = 16-8 =8kg

Excess supply = 8kg -2kg =6kg

(ii)  If price is find at N2.00

            Qd = 10-2(2)

                  = 10-4=6kg

                  = 4(2)-8=0

Excess demand = 6-0 = 6kg

Price system: it is a system that determines the rate at which goods and services are produced exchanged and distributed.

Importance of the price system

  1. It allocates scare resources to the maximum usage
  2. It determines demand
  3. It determines supply
  4. It influences production pattern and type
  5. It can be used to regulate the consumption pattern of consumes
  6. It encourages exchange as well as solve the problem. It borty system trade.

Presentation:

Step 1. Teacher revises the previous topic

  • Introduction of the topic
  • General class discussion

Assessment

  1. Differentiate excess demand and excess supply
  2. What is price system

Assignment

Given that:

Qd = 20-

Qs = 8+

Determine

  • Equilibrium price and quantity
  • What happen if the price is find at (i) N20 (ii) N12

Conclusion:

The Teacher Summary the lesson and gives students note.

LESSON NOTE FOR THE EIGHT WEEK ENDING 15-06-2020

CLASS –SS1

DURATION – 40 mip

NUMBER OF PERIOD -4

TOPIC- The Nature of Nigeria Economy

Objective: The students are expected to:

  1. Give the general overview of the Nigeria economy
  2. Give the structure of industries in Nigeria
  3. List the economic activities of the sex geopolitical zones in Nigeria

Pervious knowledge: The students are familiar with the happening in the society.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: chart white board and maker.

REFERENCE MATERIALS:  Fundamentals of Economics by R.A. Anyawuoch

CONTENT:

Nigeria is a middle income, mixed economy and emerging market, with expanding manufacturing, financial, service, communication, technology and Entertainment sector. It is ranked as the 21st largest Economy in the world in term of Purchasing Power Parity (PPP). It is the largest economy in Africa.

Before the colonial era, the various ethnic groups were largest dependent and involved in agriculture. The greatest mistake made was the decision to neglect the known agriculture for the unknown industries action

NATURE AND STRUCTURE OF INDUSTRIES IN NIGERIA

  1. Mining (Non oil and solid minerals sectors) this sector includes coal, Iron, sold etc.
  2. Tele-communication sector: involves GSM operators such as MTN, GLO, AIRTEL etc.
  3. Manufactory and construction etc.
  4. Mining (oil and natural gas).This covers 80% of the revenue generated by the government. The government produces cover 2.5 million Berries per day

Presentation:

Step 1. Teacher revises the previous lesson

  2. Introduction to the new topic

3. Explanation of cogent point

4. General class discussion

Assessment:

  1. List the major sectors that made up the Nigeria Economy System

Assessment

  1. List all the resources found in Nigeria and the state where they are located.

Conclusion:

The teacher summarizes the lesson and gives students note on the topic taught.

LESSON NOTE FOR WEEK NINE

ENDING: 22-06-2020

CLASS– SS1

DURATION– 40 MIP

NOS OF PERIOD: 4

TOPIC– AGRICULTURE

Objectives: The students are expected to:

  1. State the meaning of Agriculture
  2. State the component of agriculture
  3. Explain Agriculture system
  4. State the contributions, problems and solution of Agriculture

PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE: Students have been introduced to the nature it Nigeria Economy.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL: Flow Charts

REFERENCE MATERIALS: Fundamental Economics by R.A

CONTENT:

Agriculture can be defined as a science that studies the production of crops and rearing of animals for man’s use.

                                     Component of agriculture

Agriculture has many parts, but we are going to focus on the following:

  1. Crop production- It deals with both food and cash crops production.
  2. Livestock farming: It deals with the rearing of animals for economic use.
  3. Forestry: It involves the planting and management of timbers and other forest material.
  4. Fish farming: This involves the act of rearing selected species of fish under scientifically controlled condition.

SYSTEM OF AGRICULTURE

  1. Peasant farming system: It involves farming for ones faming use only i.e subsistence farming.
  2. Plantation farming system: It involves the cultivation of crops in a large area of land in this one crop is produced in a large space of land e.g sugarcane, banana, cocoanut, palm tree, etc plantation.  
  3. Mechanized farming- it is also called commercial agriculture. It is the cultivation of crops on a large scale basis mainly for scale.
  4. Co-operative farming: This involves farmers coming together to pool resources for large scale as well as to enjoy mutual benefit,

IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURE

  1. It provides food for the teaming population.
  2. It serves as a source of raw materials for industries.
  3. It serves as a source of employment
  4. It generates foreign income for a country
  5. It serves as a source of medication (medicine) as roots, seeds, leave etc.

PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURE  IN AFRICA

  1. The use of crude implements
  2. Ignorant and illiteracy
  3. Poor credit facilities
  4. Lack of storage (good storage) system
  5. Natural disasters
  6. Pest and diseases
  7. Poor research

Presentation:

  1. Step 1:        Teacher revise the previous topic
  2. Step 2:        Introduction to the new topic
  3. Step 3:        Explanation of cogent points
  4. Step 4:        General Class discussion

Assessment

  1. What  is Agriculture?
  2. List and explain the various agricultural system

Assignment

Write out the full meaning of the following Agriculture policies in Nigeria

  • OFN (ii) RBOA (iii) NAFPP (vi) G.R. and write short note on each of them.

CONCLUSION:  The teacher summarizes the lesson and give student note.

LESSON NOTE FOR WEEK TEN ENDING 28-06-2020

CLASS        –        SS1

DURATION –        40 M/P

NUMBER OF PERIOD – 4

TOPIC – MINING

OBJECTIVES: The students are expected to:

  1. Define mining
  2. Give the components of mining in Nigeria
  3. Explain  the types of mineral
  4. Mention the types of mineral, sues and location etc.

PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE: The students have been introduced to Agriculture.

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL – Flow chart, marker and white board

REFERENCE BOOK – Fundamental  of Economics of R.A.I. Anyawuocha and Essential Economies by C. E Andy.

CONTENT:

Component of mining in Nigeria

  1. Crusher
  2. Grinder mill
  3. Screening conveyor
  4. Feeding washer
  5. Mobile crusher

TYPES OF MINERALS

  1. Petroleum (Crude oil):  It is a source of power. It is found in Delta State, Rivers, Bayelsa etc.
  2. Coal: It is also a source of power i.e is found in Enugu  and Okaba (Benue).
  3. Iron Ore: It is used for making steel. It is found in Kogi State, Delta State etc.
  4. Tin and Columbite: They are found in Pleateau State a place near Jos. This is used for coating heat resistance steel that are in jet engines. Tin and Columbite are naturally together
  5. Lime stone: It is used for making cement. It is found in Ogun State, Edo State, cross River State, Anambra State etc.
  6. Lead and zinc –  lead and zinc are sedimentary rock minerals found in Ebonyi State, Abuja, Anambra, Enugu etc.

IMPORTANCE OF MINERALS TO THE NIGERIA ECONOMY

  1. It provides employment opportunity
  2. It generates revenue to the government
  3. It provides raw materials for industries
  4. It helps to improve the standard of living of the people.
  5. It keeps to develop the level of infrastructure

Presentation:

Step 1:          Teacher revises the previous lesson

Step 2:        Introduction to the new lesson

Step 3:        Explanation of cogent points

Step 4:        General class discussion

Assessment:

  1. What is mining?
  2. Mention the various types of minerals found in Nigeria.

Assignment

Critically examine the problems of mining in Nigeria.

Conclusion:  Teacher summarizes the lesson and gives the students note on the topic taught.

Lessonplan

Get Lesson plans, Lesson notes, Scheme of work, Exam Questions, Test Questions for all subject for Primary school and Secondary School.

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