LAND POLLUTION

TITLE:  LESSON NOTE ON BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

SUBJECT: BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

TERM: FIRST TERM

THEME: YOU AND THE ENVIRONMENT

WEEK: WEEK 3

CLASS: PRIMARY 5

NAME OF TEACHER:

DATE:          

AGE OF STUDENTS:

CLASS COMPOSITION: Slow and fast learners.

PERIOD:

TIME: 40 MINUTES

TOPIC: LAND POLLUTION

Units:

  • Meaning of land pollution
  • Causes/sources of Land pollution
  • Effect of  Land pollution
  • Prevention of Land pollution

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:

  1. Define Land pollution
  2. Know the Causes/sources of Land pollution
  3. Know the Effect of Land pollution
  4. Mention ways of Preventing Land pollution.

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Whiteboard/Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures showing Land pollution.
  • Explanatory videos on Land pollution.

TEACHING AND LEARNING METHODS

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Questions and answer

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
  • Universal Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
  • Lagos State Scheme of Work for Basic Science and Technology.
  • Unified Schemes of Work for Lagos State Primary Schools (MIDDLE BASIC)
  • Online Materials.
  • Edudelight Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE: the students are familiar with Air pollution.

WORD FILE:  contaminates, Pollutant.

             LESSON CONTENT

Pollution are Waste matter that contaminates the water, Land or soil. It make our environment unsafe for plant and animals. Pollutant are in solid, liquid and gaseous forms.

LAND POLLUTION

Land pollution is the discharge of waste matter into the Land.

CAUSES AND SOURCES OF LAND POLLUTION

  1. Spilling of oil on the land.
  2. Dumping of dead animals
  3. Dumping of human faeces.
  4. Burning of tyres.
  5. Dumping of refuse
  6. Bush burning
  7. Indiscriminate waste dumping

Effect of Land Pollution

  • It exposes human beings to diseases.’
  • It deforms the environment.
  • Solid waste occupies space.
  • Human and domestic waste make our surroundiags unafe.
  • Object dumped causes accidents
  • Chemicals kill farm crops.
  • Some fertilizers kill living organisms in the soil.
  • Dumps refuse give out an unpleasant odour.

CONTROL OF LAND POLLUTION

  1. Proper disposal of refuse should be encourage.
  2. Dumping of solid and liquid wastes anywhere should be discouraged.
  3. Dumping of faeces should be avoided.
  4. Dunmping of dead animals should be avoided.
  5. Application of fertilizers shold be applied with caution.
  6. Incinerators should be used to to burn refuse.
  7. Enlightenment of the public about having a clean environment should be  avoided.
  8. Waste recycling should be encouraged.
  9. Bad refuse disposal methods should be discourage.
  10. Policies on land protection should be enacted by the government.

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURE.

  • The Teacher revises the previous lesson (Air pollution).
  • The Teacher introduces the lesson through question and answer (LAND POLLUTION).
  • The Teacher explains the lessons.
  • The Teacher write the note on the board.

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

Learners participate in the class discussion

LESSON EVALUATION

Teacher ask the learners to:

  1. Define Land pollution.
  2. Causes/sources of Land pollution
  3. List three Effect of Land pollution.
  4. State three ways to Prevent Land pollution.

CONCLUSION: the teacher summarize the lesson.

PREVIOUS LESSON:AIR POLLUTION

NEXT LESSON: LAND POLLUTION

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