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EARTH AND SKY MOVEMENT – THE SOLAR SYSTEM

TITLE:  LESSON NOTE ON BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

SUBJECT: BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

TERM: FIRST TERM

THEME: YOU AND ENVIRONMENT

WEEK: WEEK 6

CLASS: PRIMARY 6

NAME OF TEACHER:

DATE:          

AGE OF STUDENTS:

CLASS COMPOSITION: Slow and fast learners.

PERIOD:

TIME: 40 MINUTES

TOPIC: THE EARTH’S MOVEMENT

Units:

  • Rotation of the earth
  • Revolution of the earth
  • Eclipse (Solar and Lunar)

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:

  1. Describe the two important movement s of the earth (rotation and revolution).
  2. Describe the effects of rotation and revolution.
  3. Explain the causes of lunar and solar eclipses and their effects.
  4. Discuss some effects of the earth’s movement on the environment.
  5. Identify the major source of light for the earth and other planets.

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Whiteboard/Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures showing the earth movement
  • Explanatory videos on  the earth movement

TEACHING AND LEARNING METHODS

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Questions and answer

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
  • Universal Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
  • Lagos State Scheme of Work for Basic Science and Technology.
  • Unified Schemes of Work for Lagos State Primary Schools (MIDDLE BASIC)
  • Online Materials.
  • Edudelight Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE: the students are familiar with earth and sky movement.

WORD FILE:  Rotation,imaginary, revolution.          

             LESSON CONTENT

             ROTATION OF THE EARTH

We as human and other living things live in the earth. The earth axis is the imaginary line that pass through the centre of the earth, when the earth rotates from the west to the east. It is the rotation of the earth that causes night and day. When the earth rotates, only one half of it faces the sun, so the sun will give the earth light which we as human call the day time, while the other side which does not receive the light from the sun, will be dark at that time and we will say it is night time in such places.

It takes twenty four (24) hours to complete a rotation around the earth axis. That is day and night (one day).

               NIGHT AND DAY

The sun is a big ball of burning gas and it is the primary source of light and heat. Day time begins as the sun rises from the east and Night time begins when the sun sets to the west.

REVOLUTION OF THE EARTH ROUND THE SUN

Revolution of the earth occurs when the earth moves round the sun. It takes a year or 365 days for a complete revolution of the earth. The ELLIPSE is the part of the earth round the sun. The revolution of the earth round the sun is from east to west.

THE EFFECT OF THR REVOLUTION OF THE EARTH

Some part of the earth receives more sunlight than others at a particular time because of the revolution of the earth. These also lead to different season in the earth.

THE SEASONS IN NIGERIA

In Nigeria, we have two major seasons. These are:

  1. Wet Season
  2. Dry Season

We also have HARMATTAN PERIOD

             DRY SEASON

In Nigeria we experience dry season between the months of October and February. During this season the weather will be very hot and dry. This means that a large amount of the sun’s rays reach Nigeria during this period of the earth revolution.

 During dry season, between the months of December and February, there is a special period called the HARMATTAN PERIOD. At this period the weather will be hot and dry during the day but in the night and early mornings, it will be cold.

                       WET SEASON

Nigerians experience a lot of rain fall between the months of March and September. This is called a wet season or raining season.

All these changes are caused by the revolution of the earth.

                     ECLIPSES                  

We have eclipse of the sun (solar eclipse) and an eclipse of the Moon (Lunar eclipse).

                ECLIPSE OF THE SUN

Eclipse of the sun occurs when the moon comes in between the sun and the earth.

ECLIPSE OF THE MOON

Eclipse of the moon occurs when the earth comes in between the sun and the moon.

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURE

  • The Teacher revises the previous lesson (EARTH AND SKY MOVEMENT).
  • The teacher introduces the lesson through question and answer (THE EARTH’S MOVEMENT).
  • The Teacher explains the lessons.
  • The Teacher write the note on the board.

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

Learners participate in the class discussion

LESSON EVALUATION

Teacher ask the learners to:

  • Describe the two important movement s of the earth (rotation and revolution).
  • Describe the effects of rotation and revolution.
  • Explain the causes of lunar and solar eclipses and their effects.
  • Identify the major source of light for the earth and other planets.

CONCLUSION: the teacher summarize the lesson and mark student Note.

PREVIOUS LESSON: THE EARTH AND SKY MOVEMENT

NEXT LESSON: THE EARTH MOVEMENT

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