EARTH AND SKY MOVEMENT – THE SOLAR SYSTEM

TITLE:  LESSON NOTE ON BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

SUBJECT: BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

TERM: FIRST TERM

THEME: YOU AND ENVIRONMENT

WEEK: WEEK 2

CLASS: PRIMARY 6

NAME OF TEACHER:

DATE:          

AGE OF STUDENTS:

CLASS COMPOSITION: Slow and fast learners.

PERIOD:

TIME: 40 MINUTES

TOPIC: EARTH AND SKY MOVEMENT – THE SOLAR SYSTEM

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:

  1. Identify and name some planets in our solar system.
  2. Identify the components of the solar system, their location and importance.
  3. State the relationship among the earth, sun, moon, other planets and the stars.
  4. Demonstrate that earth exerts a pull on objects and bodies.

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Whiteboard/Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures showing the solar system
  • Explanatory videos on solar system

TEACHING AND LEARNING METHODS

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Questions and answer

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
  • Universal Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
  • Lagos State Scheme of Work for Basic Science and Technology.
  • Unified Schemes of Work for Lagos State Primary Schools (MIDDLE BASIC)
  • Online Materials.
  • Edudelight Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE: the students are familiar with weather.

WORD FILE:  objects, satellite,Betelgeuse.              

             LESSON CONTENT

                       THE SOLAR SYSTEM

Among the Eight planet, the Earth is one of them. What made up the solar system are the sun and all the bodies such as planets, satellites and other objects moving round it. The eight planets revolve round the sun and each planet has its own path.

ORBIT: It is the path along which each planet moves around the sun.

STARS: they are objects in space that produces light. So, the sun is also a star.

                              THE PLANET

The earth travels round the sun in 365 days. Planet and stars are not the same. The star produces light while planet don’t. Planet are closer to us than star.
Note: Pluto is no longer regarded as a planet because it is very small. It is now called a “dwarf planet”.

THE EIGHT PLANET ARE

  1. Mercury
  2. Venus
  3. Earth
  4. Mars
  5. Jupiter
  6. Saturn
  7. Uranus
  8. Neptune

                                  SATELITES

Satellites are bodies that moves round the earth. So, the moon is also a satellite of the earth.

Artificial Satellite: these are satellite created by scientist, they also move round the earth. They receives radio and television messages from one part of the world and convey them to another part of the world. Some of these satellite takes accurate pictures of locations and objects on the earth.

STARS

Stars are objects or celestial bodies that produce light on their own.  They sparkle because they are far away, so they look like tiny points of light when looked at in the night.

The sun is about 150 million Killometres away from the earth. The nearest star to the earth is forty –three million kilometers away.

AN ASTRONOMER is a scientist that studies heavenly bodies such as stars. They used an equipment called Telescope to observe these heavenly bodies.

Stars have different colours, the colours determines its hotness. The blue star is called the Rigel. This is the hottest, the white stars are the ones that are not too hot while the yellow stars are the cooler stars. The stars with Red colours are the coolest stars they are called Betelgeuse.

WHEN TO OBSERVE THE STAR

Stars can be seen clearly with their colours on a bright night or around. Late evening on the months of January and febury and in the early morning of September and October.

GRAVITY AND WEIGHTLESSNESS IN SPACE

It is the force of gravity that make everything that goes up must come down.it can also be called gravitational force. That is why when you throw up either your book, pen, pencil, eraser or anything, the force of gravity will bring it down.

              WEIGHT OF OBJECTS ON EARTH

The greater the amount of matter (Mass) an object contains, the greater its weight.

The mass of an object is constant but it gravity varies from one place to another. The weight of an object depends on the gravity:

Weight (W) = mass (m) * Gravity (g). That is why a food flask with food will have more weight than an empty food flask.

                                    THE SKY     

 The sky is the space above the earth. It is the space we see when we look up from the earth. The sky above us is blue depending on the atmosphere. While the space is the boundless black sky that is beyond the blue sky. The sun gives light to the moon and earth.

The scientists that study space and the objects that are there are called ASTRONOMERS.

OBJECTS THAT CAN BE SEEN IN THE SKY

  1. The sun
  2. The moon
  3. Other planets

NATURAL BODIES IN THE SKY

  1. Sun
  2. Star
  3. Moon
  4. clouds

NATURAL BODIES IN THE EARTH

  1. Air
  2. Water
  3. Plants
  4. Animals

NATURAL BODIES UNDER THE EARTH

  1. Crude oil
  2. Coal
  3. Gold
  4. Iron, etc.

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURE

  • The Teacher revises the previous lesson (WEATHER).
  • The Teacher introduces the lesson through question and answer (EARTH AND SKY MOVEMENT).
  • The Teacher explains the lessons.
  • The Teacher write the note on the board.

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

Learners participate in the class discussion

LESSON EVALUATION

Teacher ask the learners to:

  • Mention all the names of planets in our solar system.
  • State the relationship among the earth, sun, moon, other planets and the stars.
  • Demonstrate that earth exerts a pull on objects and bodies.
  • Who is an astromers?

CONCLUSION: the teacher summarize the lesson.

PREVIOUS LESSON: Domestic Animals

NEXT LESSON: THE HUMAN BODY (SKELENTAL SYSTEM)

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