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BASIC CONCEPT OF DRUG AND DRUG ABUSE, NATURE OF DRUG ABUSE.

TITLE: NOTE OF LESSON ON SOCIAL STUDIES

SUBJECT: SOCIAL STUDIES

THEME: CITIZENSHIP

TERM: SECOND TERM

WEEK: WEEK 10

CLASS: PRIMARY 6

NAME OF TEACHER:

DATE:          

AGE OF STUDENTS:

CLASS COMPOSITION: Slow and fast learners.

PERIOD:

TIME: 40 MINUTES

TOPIC: BASIC CONCEPT OF DRUG AND DRUG ABUSE, NATURE OF DRUG ABUSE.

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this Unit, Pupils should be able to know:

  1. Meaning of drugs, drug abuse
  2. Consequences of drug abuse

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Whiteboard/ chalkboard
  • Interactive poster
  • Interactive video

TEACHING METHOD

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Questions and Answers

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary school.
  • Lagos State Scheme of Work
  • Unified Schemes of Work Primary Schools four Social Studies (MIDDLE BASIC)
  • Internet.
  • Edudelight Social Studies TextBooks for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS LESSON: the students are familiar with peace education.

WORD FILE: legally, pharmaceutical, injection.                      

               MODULE CONTENT

Drugs are what we take to prevent or cure illness.

Types of drugs

  1. Legal drugs: they are used in treating diseases and injuries. They are in the form of liquid (syrup) or solid (tablets) which a person can drink or swallowed. Sometimes the liquid drug is taken through the use of injection. Legal drugs are gotten from a pharmaceutical stores, hospital.

A person that sells drugs legally can be called any of these names; a druggist, a pharmacist, a chemist.

Legal drug is divided into two

  1. Naturally occurring drugs: these are chemical substance produce by living things. These are drugs obtained from nature. E.g. vegetable, kolanut, coffee.
  2. Synthetic drugs: these are chemical substance produced by human being to prevent or cure diseases. e.g. aspirin, chloroquine, paracetamol
  • Illegal drugs are drugs that some people smoke, drink or inject for the physical and mental effects it has on them. Illegal drugs are mostly stimulants.

A person who sells illegal drugs is called a drug dealer.

Examples of illegal drugs

  1. Cannabis such as hemp, afifia,ganga, igbo.
  2. Alchohol such as paraga,  Kai-kai, beer, hot drink.
  3. Tobacco such as taba.
  4. Heroin
  5. Cocaine
  6. Ritaline
  7. Methaqualone;it is a Sedative-hypnotic drug. It is commonly known as poroder or ntu.

Most people get illegal drugs through friends, families and strangers.

Drug abuse happens when we misuse drug. It is the improper way of using drug that is harmful to the person.  

CONSEQUENCES OF SOME DRUGS

  1. HEROINE
  2. Jaundice
  3. Chills and cramps
  4. Respiratory infection
  5. Panic
  6. Nausea
  7. Lack of appetite
  8. Loss of weight
  9. COCAINE
  10. High blood pressure
  11. Stroke
  12. Loss of weight
  13. Convulsions
  14. death
  15. SEDATIVE DRUG.e.g valium and mandrax
  16. Truancy
  17. School drop out
  18. Anxiety
  19. Disorientation
  20. Poor school performance

EFFECTS OF NORMAL AND EXCESSIVE USE OF DRUGS

  1. Damage of the body
  2. Death
  3. Ill health

CHARACTERISTICS OF DRUG ABUSERS

  1. Heroine
  2. Excessive happiness
  3. Pain and shivering when not on drug
  4. Cocaine
  5. Sleeplessness
  6. Lack of appetite
  7. Excessive happiness of depression when not on drug
  8. Sedative drugs
  9. Drunkenness
  10. Tremor
  11. Convulsion when not  on drugs

PRIMARY SOURCES OF HELP FOR DRUG ABUSERS

  1. Rehabilitation centers
  2. Re –orientation by teachers
  3. Re –orientation y parents
  4. Older relations
  5. School health offices

CONSEQUENCES OF DRUG ABUSE

Drug abuse create pleasurable feelings that encourage the tendency to use it over and over again.

It leads to the development of tolerance to drug which lead the person to larger quantity produces the same effects.

FACTORS SUSTAINING DRUG ABUSE BEHAVIOUR

  1. Pleasurable effects of drugs
  2. Unpleasant effects on withdrawal
  3. Inability to control peer pressure

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURE

  • The Teacher revises the previous lesson (PEACE EDUCATION).
  • The Teacher introduces the topic (BASIC CONCEPT OF DRUG AND DRUG ABUSE, NATURE OF DRUG ABUSE.)
  • The Teacher explains the lessons.

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

  • Meaning of drugs, drug abuse
  • Mention three Consequences of drug abuse

CONCLUSION: the teacher summarize the lesson.

PREVIOUS LESSON: INTERNATIONAL CONFLICTS AND ORGANIZATION

NEXT LESSON: SYNTHETIC AND NATURALLY OCCURRING DRUGS.

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