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ART – Definition, Origin, and Branches of Art

TITLE: NOTE OF LESSON ON CULTURAL AND CREATIVE ART

SUBJECT: CULTURAL AND CREATIVE ART

THEME: Arts and Craft

TERM: FIRST TERM

WEEK: WEEK 1- 2

DATE:

CLASS: PRIMARY 5                           

AGE OF STUDENTS:

CLASS COMPOSITION: Slow and fast learners.

PERIOD:

DURATION: 40 MINUTES

TOPIC: ART

Units:

  • Definition of Art
  • Origin of  Art
  • Branches of  Art

Learning Objectives

At the end of this Module, Pupils should be able to:

  • State the meaning of arts.
  • The origin of Arts
  • Branches of Arts

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Explanatory Video

TEACHING AND LEARNING METHOD

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Questions and Answers

Entry Behaviour: the students have been taught the definition of drama and theatre.

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • Universal Basic Education Curriculum.
  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
  • Lagos State Scheme of work
  • Unified Schemes of Work Primary Schools for Cultural and Creative Arts (MIDDLE BASIC)
  • Internet Materials.
  • Edudelight Cultural and Creative Arts for Primary Schools.

WORD FILE:  acting, singing, photography.                        

                                        CONTENT FOR WEEK 1

Meaning of Arts

Arts is the use of our internal skills to create beautiful things. The following skills form of skills are acting, singing, photography, dancing, drawing, etc.

Art is a way human can express their thoughts and mind using creative paintings, ceramic pieces or sculptural pieces.

Origin of arts

Ancient arts are stone carving, rock painting, pottery. It started from the early days of the cave men. These came men use animal blood and various earth colours on the rocks. Ancient people used drawing to communicate with one another like in ancient Egypt make use of picture symbol (hieroglyphic). The word arts was derived from the Latin word “ARTI” which means “To do well.”

Importance of arts

  1. Its serves as a means of communication.
  2. It serves as a means of livelihood and foreign exchange.
  3. It is used for decoration.
  4. It also promote the cultural heritage and tourism of a country.
  5. It serves as a means of entertainment.

CONTENT FOR WEEK 2

Branches of arts

Art is divided into two branches: these are liberal art and creative arts.

Creative Art are of two type. These are performing arts and visual arts.

  1. Performing arts: this is an entertainment art which involves music and acting. The artist uses music, dance, acting to send show information of past happenings to the people or viewers.
  2. Visual arts: this arts make use of colours, forms and other design elements to create ideas that send messages to the people. Visual arts have to two parts. These are fine art and industrial art.

Fine art

In fine art we have

  1. Architecture/drawing: it focus on house design.
  2. Painting: it focus on drawing and painting of pictorial composition.
  3. Sculpture: it focus on modeling and carving objects.

Industrial artwork (applied art)

Industrial artwork includes

  1. Ceramics: these focuses on molding thing like cups, plate, pots, glassware, etc.
  2. Textile: focus on designing of various patterns of clothes and fabrics with prints and dye.
  3. Metal works:  this is the production of jewelry such as necklaces, earrings, bracelets and pendants.
  4. Graphics:  this deals with designing of various printed documents such as posters, banners, fliers, etc.
  5. Photography
  6. Fashion design
  7. Industrial design
  8. Interior design

Nigerian Artworks

Nigeria have its own arts from our various tribes and community. They are made from bronze, clay, brass and wood.

Like the eastern parts of Nigeria mostly make use of clay, wood and raffia palm to produce artwork such as mats, pottery, slippers. Etc.

The westerners make use of cloth, wood and calabash to produce a Adire eleko, wood masks, and different designs with calabash.

The northerners make use of animal skin to produce shoes, bags, ornaments, mats, etc.

Nigeria Art works

  1. Nok Art: they ae the earliest African sculpture and are usually made of clay.
  2. Benin Art: they are made of bronse. They can also be called court art.
  3. Ife Art: they are the most naturalistic of all the arts and they are made of bronze.
  4. Igbo – Ukwu Art: they are also naturalistic and mostly decorated with coloured beads, stones and glass and are made of bronze.

Famous Nigeria artwork

  • Bronse vessel of igbo ukwu.
  • Broze head of queen mother.
  • Nok terracotta head
  • Bronze head of ooni of Obalufon

PRESENTATION

  • The Teacher revises the previous lesson (Introduction to theatre and drama).
  • The Teacher introduces the topic: Art.
  • He/she explains the meaning of art.
  • He/she narrate the origin of art.
  • The teacher leads the pupils to mention the importance of art.
  • The teacher explains Nigeria arts
  • The pupils copy and submit their note for marking.

STUDENT ACTIVITIES:

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

Instruction: Answer the following questions below.

  •  What is art?
  •  Narrate the origin of art.
  •  Mention three importance of art.
  • Mention three famous Nigeria arts

Conclusion:  Teacher summarizes the lesson, gives pupils note to copy, marks and makes corrections where necessary.

PREVIOUS LESSON: Introduction to theatre and drama.

NEXT LESSON:  Creating Music/ Sol-fa Notation Value

Lessonplan

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