Agricultural science first term Scheme of work for Nigeria senior secondary school two (SS2) students.
Week 1: AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS
Land ownership and tenure systems in Nigeria
Week 2: LAND USE ACT OF NIGERIA
Land use Act of 1978:
i. Features of the Act
ii. The need for government to enforce the law etc.
Week 3: ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
Role of government in Agricultural production, e.g.,
i. Making of agricultural policies
ii. Drawing of agricultural programmes
iii. Provision of loans and subsidies
iv. Provision of agricultural education etc.
Week 4: FOREST MANAGEMENT
Forest management techniques:
i. Forest regulation
ii. Selective exploration
vi. Taungya system
Week 5: DISEASES OF CROPS
Diseases of major crops: e.g.,
i. Cereals – smut, rice blast, leaf rust
ii. Legume – cercosporal leaf spot, rosette
iii. Beverages – cocoa blackpod, coffee leaf rust
iv. Tuber – cassava mosaic virus, bacterial blight etc.
Week 6: SYMPTOMS AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF CROP DISEASES
i. Symptoms of diseases, e.g., spots, yellowing, rots, wilting, stuntedness etc.
ii. Economic importance, e.g., increase cost of production, reduces quality of crops, reduces farmer’s income etc.
Week 7: PREVENTIVE AND CONTROL MEASURES OF DISEASES
i. Cultural methods
ii. Biological methods
iii. Chemical methods
Week 8: IMPORTANT INSECT PESTS OF MAJOR CROPS:
i. Cereal – system borer, army-worm, ear-worm
ii. Legume – pod borer, aphids, sucki bugs,leaf beetle
iii. Beverage – cocoa myrids (capsids)
Week 9: OTHER IMPORTANT PESTS
i. Other important pests:
ii. Nature of damages done:
a. Destruction of leaves
b. Destruction of tender stems
c. Destruction of root/tubers
Week 10: ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF SELECTED PESTS
i. Economic importance of pests:
a. Reduction in quality of crops
b. Reduction in quantity of crops
c. Makes vegetables unattractive and unmarketable etc.
ii. Preventive and control measures:
a. Cultural methods
b. Biological methods
c. Chemical methods
iii. Side effects of the various preventive and control methods:
a. Chemical pollution
b. Poisoning etc.
Week 11: PASTURE AND FORAGE CROPS
Morphology of the common grass and legume species of Nigerian pastures.
Week 12: TYPES OF PASTURE
i. Types of pasture:
a. Permanent pasture
b. Rotational pasture
c. Temporary pasture
d. Irrigated pasture
ii. Factors affecting pasture:
iii. Management practices of a pasture land
Week 12 – 13