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AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE FIRST TERM SCHEME OF WORK FOR SS2

Agricultural science first term Scheme of work for Nigeria senior secondary school two (SS2) students.

Week 1: AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORMS

Land ownership and tenure systems in Nigeria

Week 2: LAND USE ACT OF NIGERIA

Land use Act of 1978:

i. Features of the Act

ii. The need for government to enforce the law etc.

Week 3: ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION

Role of government in Agricultural production, e.g.,

i. Making of agricultural policies

ii. Drawing of agricultural programmes

iii. Provision of loans and subsidies

iv. Provision of agricultural education etc.

Week 4: FOREST MANAGEMENT

Forest management techniques:

i. Forest regulation

ii. Selective exploration

iii. Deforestation

iv. Regeneration

v. Afforestation

vi. Taungya system

Week 5: DISEASES OF CROPS

Diseases of major crops: e.g.,

i. Cereals – smut, rice blast, leaf rust

ii. Legume – cercosporal leaf spot, rosette

iii. Beverages – cocoa blackpod, coffee leaf rust

iv. Tuber – cassava mosaic virus, bacterial blight etc.

Week 6: SYMPTOMS AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF CROP DISEASES

i. Symptoms of diseases, e.g., spots, yellowing, rots, wilting, stuntedness etc.

ii. Economic importance, e.g., increase cost of production, reduces quality of crops, reduces farmer’s income etc.

Week 7: PREVENTIVE AND CONTROL MEASURES OF DISEASES

i. Cultural methods

ii. Biological methods

iii. Chemical methods

Week 8: IMPORTANT INSECT PESTS OF MAJOR CROPS:

i. Cereal – system borer, army-worm, ear-worm

ii. Legume – pod borer, aphids, sucki bugs,leaf beetle

iii. Beverage – cocoa myrids (capsids)

Week 9: OTHER IMPORTANT PESTS

i. Other important pests:

a. Birds

b. Rodents

c. Man

d. Monkey

ii. Nature of damages done:

a. Destruction of leaves

b. Destruction of tender stems

c. Destruction of root/tubers

Week 10: ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF SELECTED PESTS

i. Economic importance of pests:

a. Reduction in quality of crops

b. Reduction in quantity of crops

c. Makes vegetables unattractive and unmarketable etc.

ii. Preventive and control measures:

a. Cultural methods

b. Biological methods

c. Chemical methods

iii. Side effects of the various preventive and control methods:

a. Chemical pollution

b. Poisoning etc.

Week 11: PASTURE AND FORAGE CROPS

Morphology of the common grass and legume species of Nigerian pastures.

Week 12: TYPES OF PASTURE

i. Types of pasture:

a. Permanent pasture

b. Rotational pasture

c. Temporary pasture

d. Irrigated pasture

ii. Factors affecting pasture:

a. Establishment

b. Distribution

c. Productivity

iii. Management practices of a pasture land

Week 12 – 13

Revision/Examination



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