DRUG – SYNTHETIC AND NATURALLY OCCURRING DRUGS

TITLE:  LESSON NOTE ON BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

SUBJECT: BASIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

TERM: FIRST TERM

THEME: YOU AND ENVIRONMENT

WEEK: WEEK 2

CLASS: PRIMARY 6

NAME OF TEACHER:

DATE:          

AGE OF STUDENTS:

CLASS COMPOSITION: Slow and fast learners.

PERIOD:

TIME: 40 MINUTES

TOPIC: DRUG – SYNTHETIC AND NATURALLY OCCURRING DRUGS

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this lesson, Pupils should be able to:

  1. Define drug
  2. Identify naturally occurring drugs
  3. Synthetic drug

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Whiteboard/Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures showing the solar system
  • Explanatory videos on solar system

TEACHING AND LEARNING METHODS

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Questions and answer

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
  • Universal Basic Education Curriculum for primary schools.
  • Lagos State Scheme of Work for Basic Science and Technology.
  • Unified Schemes of Work for Lagos State Primary Schools (MIDDLE BASIC)
  • Online Materials.
  • Edudelight Basic Science and Technology for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE: the students are familiar with SYNTHETIC AND NATURALLY OCCURING DRUGS.

WORD FILE: substance,component.               

             LESSON CONTENT

What is a drug?  A drug is a substance that affect the action of the body. It can be used as medicine to prevent diseases.                  

TYPES OF DRUGS

             Drugs are divided into 2 two

  1. NATURALLY OCCURING DRUGS: these are drugs found in nature. They are chemical substance produced by living organism. They are active component of many traditional medicines. These drugs can be gotten from herbal specialist, herbalist, in the farm, etc.

Examples of naturally occurring drugs

  1. Vegetables
  2. Kolanut
  3. Coffe
  4. Fruit
  5. Pure honey
  6. Lime
  7. Garlic, etc.

How living things can take naturally occurring drugs? It can be consumed naturally or boiled or squeezed.

  • SYNTHETIC DRUGS: these drugs are chemical substance produced by human beings to prevent diseases.  A person trained to prepare and dispense drugs is called a PHARMACOLOGIST.

A person that sells drugs legally can be called any of these names; a druggist, a pharmacist, a chemist.

EXAMPLES OF SYNTHETIC DRUGS

  1. Paracetamol
  2. Chloroquine
  3. Aspirin, etc.

Drugs in liquid form are called Syrup while drug in solid form are called Tablets.

SOME SYNTHETIC DRUGS DERIVED FROM NATURAL PLANTS.

  1. QUININE – it is used to treat malaria from cinchona bark.
  2. DIGOXIN – it is used to treat heart conditions from foxglove.
  3. ASPIRIN – gotten from willow bark.
  4. TAXOL – it is an anti- tumor drug from pacific yew bark.

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURE

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

Learners participate in the class discussion

LESSON EVALUATION

Teacher ask the learners to:

  • Define drug
  • Mention three examples of naturally occurring drugs.
  • Mention three examples of synthetic drugs.

CONCLUSION: the teacher summarize the lesson.

PREVIOUS LESSON: SYNTHETIC AND NATURALLY OCCURRING DRUGS

NEXT LESSON: Drug and abuses

Lessonplan

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