Second Term Examination Questions 2019/2020 Session – Junior Secondary School One (JSS 1) for English Language, Agricultural Science, Social Studies, Business Studies




SUBJECT:    ENGLISH LANGUAGE                                         CLASS:  J.S.S 1

General Instruction:  This paper contains sections A, B and C.  Read the instruction on each section carefully before you answer the questions.

Section A:  Objectives

Instruction:  Answer all the question in this section.


Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions attached to it.

Air Pollution

            When air is dirty it has become polluted.  Air pollution is made up of gases, dust, odors, particles smoke, fumes and other substances which can be harmful to humans, animals, plants and all living organisms.  The air is contaminated and unclean.

            Air pollution affects the earth’s atmosphere.  The atmosphere of the earth is like a blanket of air which protects all life.  Without the atmosphere, life would not exist.  The atmosphere protects living organisms from the heat of the sun during the day, and at night, it prevents the warm air from escaping.  Basically, the atmosphere helps keep the living things on earth from burning up or freezing.

            The pollution in the air though, may affect this “blanket” and becomes harmful to life on earth.  The substances in the air causing the dirty air are called pollutant.  Some examples of pollutant may include gases called carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, hydrocarbons and others.  There may also be sand, dust particles and other substances that evaporate and become pollutant.

            A primary pollutant is one that is directly released into the air causing pollution. An example is carbon monoxide, which comes from cars and trucks on the road.  A second primary pollutant is sulfur dioxide, which comes from the burning of coals.

            A secondary pollutant is a substance or substances mix together in the air due to chemical reaction.  When these substances mix together, the air pollution is much more dangerous and harmful to organisms.  An example is photochemical smog.

            Pollution can be caused by humans or it can also occur naturally.  For instance, natural pollution may come from volcanoes, forest fires, wind storms, pollen in the air, and other sources in nature.

            The three main cause of pollution by humans includes the release of smoke and fumes from manufacturing plants and various industries.  Power plants release carbon monoxide and furnaces that burn waste are two examples of manmade pollution.  Gasoline refineries also release dangerous chemicals in the air called hydrocarbons.  The second cause is the burning of fossil fuels such as from cars, trucks, trains, airplanes.  This type of pollution occurs often because people rely on transportation everyday.    Another main source of pollution is from house hood and farming chemicals.  On farms, crop dusting may pollute the air, homes may be sprayed with chemical to kill bugs or to help the grass grow.

            There are several effects of air pollution including acid rain, which is when rain is mixed with the pollution in the air.  The acid rain can cause harm to trees, animals, fish and other living organisms.  It can cause problems with breathing and irritation to the eyes, nose, throat.  Sometimes people can also get headaches or have allergic reaction.  Long term effects can include lung cancer, heart disease and other health problems.

In summary, air pollution is basically dirty air caused by chemical pollutants.  There are primary and secondary pollutants.  Both can cause short-term or long-term problem for living things.


1.         The air becomes polluted because____(a) it has properties  (b) it is dirty  (c) it can kill  (d) it chokes

2.         According to the passage, what kind of pollution occurs often?  (a) mineral  (b) carbon monoxide  (c) hydrocarbon  (d) fossil fuels

3.    What class of pollutant that is directly released into the air?  (a) primary pollutant    (b) secondary pollutant  (c) much pollutant  (d) all pollutant.

4.         The atmosphere in the passage is referred to as  (a) blanket  (b) covering  (c) cloth  (d) cloud

5.      The following are the major source of pollution except?  (a) The burning of fossil fuel      (b) carbon monoxide released by plants  (c) house hood and farming chemicals  (d) body perfumes

Instruction:  Pick from the options the word that is opposite to the underlined word in the following sentences.

6.         The man bought an inferior goods  (a) expensive  (b) cheap  (c) bad  (d) good

7.         The question you just asked is relevant   (a) powerful  (b) helpful  (c) needed  (d) useful

8.         His melancholic attitude sets me off  (a) joyful  (b) sad  (c) angry  (d) rude

9.         That is an astonishing discovery  (a) overwhelming  (b) unwanted  (c) commendable  (d)historical

10.       Everyone loves freedom  (a) liberty  (b) slavery  (c) chains  (d) party

Instruction:  Pick from the options the tenses that best completes the following sentences.

11.       I _________there when the incident happened.  (a) I  (b) was  (c) were  (d) Am

12.       He _______to be faithful to me  (a) use  (b) used  (c) using  (d) uses

13.       She _________still my mother  (a) is  (b) was  (c) were  (d) be

14.       _______________listened to her plea, the manager gave her what she asked for (a) had (b)having  (c) have  (d) has

15.       The tailor often _________his favourite song  (a) play  (b) plays  (c) playing  (d) played

Section B.

Fill in the gaps to complete the following sentences

16.       The old man kicked the bucket means ________________________________________

17.       “I was pulling your leg” means the speaker was ___________________________________

18.       Tom said he would listen to you when the pig fly.  This means Tom would __________________________________________________

19.       He is a loose cannon means he is _____________________________________________

20.       The prisoner was asked to hold his horses.  This mean that the prisoner was asked to be ____________________________________

Section C

Instruction:  Answer only four questions, number one is compulsory.

1.         Transcribe the following words

i.          Father

ii.         High

iii.        You

iv.        Boy

1b.       Arrange the following words beneath the /u: / and /a : / sound

i.          spoon

ii.         class

iii.        crew

iv.        card

2a.       Define the term tenses

b.         Write out the tenses for the following sentences

i.          I was here yesterday

ii.         She was sleeping when the thief came

iii.        I am tired.

iv.        They are singing.

3a.       Summarize the plot in the play titled wrong decision by Stanley Nnabuo.

b.         Briefly discuss the theme in the play titled wrong decision by Stanley Nnabuo

c.         Who is the protagonist in the play?

d.         Who is the antagonist in the play?

4a.       Define the term adverbs.

b.         Underline the adverb in the following sentences

i.          He walks slowly

ii.         I will see you tomorrow

iii.        I will wait for you here

iv.        He shouted loudly.

5.         Write a descriptive essay on the topic “my school compound”

6.         Write a letter to your father abroad telling him about resent events that has taken place at home.




SUBJECT:    AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE                                CLASS:  J.S.S 1

Attempt All Question in Part A & B

Part A- Objective Questions

  1. An adult male goat is called _______(a) buck  (b) doe  (c) kid  (d) stear  (e) wether
  2. A mature male pig is called (a) barrow  (b) boar  (c) gilt  (d) pork  (e) sow
  3. The act of giving birth to young ones in sheep is known as (a) farrowing  (b) lauding                    (c) kidding  (d) kindling  (e) treading
  4. The phrase “chew the cud” is common with the following animals EXCEPT  (a) cattle                   (b) goat  (c) horse  (d) pig  (e) sheep
  5. The following are cultural methods of weed control EXCEPT  (a) cover cropping  (b) crop rotation  (c) mulching  (d) planting clean seeds  (e) tillage
  6. Bitting and chewing insects includes the following EXCEPT  (a) beetles  (b) capsids                     (c) grasshopper  (d) locust  (e) termites
  7. The method where natural enemies are used to suppress pest is known as  (a) biological                  (b) chemical  (c) cultural  (d) mechanical  (e) physical
  8. Which of these is NOT a characteristic feature of weeds?  They  (a) are resistant to trampling  (b) can survive harsh conditions  (c) have luxurious growth  (d) have short period of viability  (e) produce many seeds.
  9. Weeds compete with agricultural crops for the following EXCEPT A  (a) light  (b) living organism  (c) plant nutrient  (d) space  (e) water
  10. The following farm operations require animal power EXCEPT  (a) carrying people                      (b) drawing harrows  (c) land clearing  (d) transporting loads  (e) using planters.
  11. Drought animals used for work on the farm must possess the following qualities EXCEPT  (a) good body size  (b) must be energetic  (c) must not be docile  (d) strong hind limbs                                                (e) strong hooves
  12. Large farm animals includes the following EXCEPT  (a) cattle  (b) donkey  (c) goat                                                                (d) rabbit  (e) sheep
  13. Herbicides are usually applied to the soil/crop by  (a) broadcasting   (b) fumigation                         (c) ploughing  (d) spraying  (e) watering.
  14. Which of these is a piercing and sucking insect?  (a) aphid  (b) grass hopper  (b) locust                (d) termite  (e) weevil
  15. A female fowl that is below one year is called a (a) capon  (b) chick  (c) clutch  (d) cockerel  (e) pullet

Part B:  Fill the gaps

  1. A plant that grows where it is not wanted is called a ___________________________
  2. An adult male cattle is called ______________________
  3. ___________________is an example of a form of farm animals
  4. The botanical name for sida weed is __________________________
  5. An example of mechanical weeding method is _________________________________

Part C:  Attempt 4 questions only.

1a.       Define the term “farm animals” – 2 mks

b.         List & explain 5 classes of farm animals giving one example each – 5 mks

c.         State 3 classification of cattles giving one example each – 3 mks

2a.       Explain 5 uses/importance of keeping farm animals. 3 mrks

b.         List the 4 component of ruminant stomach – 2 mks

c.         State the names given to the meats of cattle, sheep and goats – 2mks

d.         State the names given to the act of giving birth in sheep cattles and rabbits – 3 mks

3a.       Complete the following table – 5 mks

s/n Common Names Botanical names
i   Tridax
ii Stylosanthes gracilis
iii guinea grass
iv Stylosanthes gracilis
v Elephant gras

b.         Define the term weed – 2mks

c.         State 3 characteristics of weeds – 3 mks

4i         Heifer –

ii.         A feamel fowl above 1 years of age

iii.        A female goat –

iv.        A female pig that has given birth at least once –

v.         An adult male pig –

vi.        A female sattle that has given birth at least once –

vii.       An adult male goat –

viii.      An adult male fowl –

ix.        A female rabbit

x.         An adult female sheep –          10 mks (1 mrk each)

5a.       Define the term “pest” – 2 mks

b.         State the classifications of insect based on mouth parts giving one example each – 4 mks

c.         State 4 methods of pest control – 4 mks.





SUBJECT:    SOCIAL STUDIES                                                   CLASS:  J.S.S 1


  1. A group of people living together is called _______(a) Ape  (b) Men  (c) community (d)children
  2. _____ does not live alone but lives among other human beings in a community  (a) man                  (b) Ape  (c) community  (d) children
  3. _____ is a function of a family  (a) destruction  (b) respiration  (c) reproduction                           (d) imitation
  4. In which documents are the rights of citizen guaranteed?  (a) law report  (b) National Anthem  (c) National card  (d) the constitution
  5. ____ environment consists of natural and manmade materials  (a) social  (b) physical                   (c) science  (d) technology
  6. ____________is a situation to be out of danger  (a) work  (b) safety  (c) occupation  (d) fire
  7. ______ are the unexpected and disastrous event at home that causes injury and damage to properties  (a) danger  (b) accident  (c) caring  (d) fighting
  8. ______ are activities that involve breaking the law and order of a community  (a) accident  (b) crime  (c) noise making  (d) order
  9. ___________is the process of acquiring new orientation and behaviour through interaction with other members of a society  (a) order  (b) socialization  (c) community  (d) practice
  10. In Nigeria, the major means of transportation is ____(a) water  (b) railway  (c) road                        (d) canoe
  11. ______is not an example of our culture  (a) greeting  (b) values  (c) belief  (d) fighting
  12. The agents of socialization does not include  (a) mass media  (b) religion institution                           (c) home/family  (d) peer group
  13. _______is a voluntary restraint from indulging in bodily activities that are widely experienced as giving pleasure  (a) socialization  (b) abstinence  (c) fighting  (d) orderly
  14. ______________is the ability to cope with unexpected disturbances in the environment  (a)socialization  (b) adaptability  (c) crime  (d) patience
  15. ____ are common traits with which we recognize a group of people  (a) identity  (b) culture  (c) integration  (d) socialization


  1. ______________is an example of common social problem
  2. ____________________is to ensure safer and faster rescue of accident victims.
  3. ______________________is to educate the youth and members of the society on the importance of safety on the roads.
  4. An example of safety measure at home is ________________________
  5. An example of safety measure at school is ____________________________

SECTION C:  Answer any 4 questions

1a.       Define a family (2mk)

b.         List 3 fucntions of a family (3mks)

c.         List 3 characteristics of a big family  (3mks)

d.         List type of family we have.

2a.       What is the meaning of friendship  (2mks)

b.         List 3 factors affecting choice of friends (3mks)

c.         List 3 qualities of a good friend  (3mks)

d.         List 3 types of friendship  (2mks)

3a.       What are common crimes  (2mks)

b.         List  examples of common crimes – (3mks)

c.         List 3 causes of common crimes  (3mks)

d.         List 3 effects of common crimes (2mks)

4a.       What is the meaning of accident?  (2mks)

b.         List 3 reasons why we need safety?  (3mks)

c.         List 3 safety measures at Home  (3mks)

d.         List 3 safety measures in the school (2mks)

5a.       What is a road safety club?  (2mks)

b.         List 3 functions of road safety club (3mks)

c.         What is the meaning of common social problem (3mks)

d.         List 3 examples of common social problem (2 mks)




SUBJECT:    BUSINESS STUDIES                                              CLASS:  J.S.S 1


  1. Sales department design and package goods  (a) false  (b) true  (c) None  (d) Not sure
  2. Trade can be divided into _________(a) 10  (b) 6  (c) 2  (d) 8
  3. Aids to trade are these except _________(a) transport  (b) advertisement                                 (c) communication  (d) engineering
  4. The factor of production that receives rent as its reward is ______(a) agent  (b) capital          (c) labour  (d) land
  5. Day to day running of an organization is the functions of ____department  (a) account             (b) administration  (c) personnel  (d) sales
  6. ______is a place where materials/goods of any kind are kept for future use  (a) store                 (b) warehouse  (c) refrigerator  (d) room
  7. A place where goods and services are bought and sold are called  ___(a) street  (b) room               (c) market  (d) school
  8. ____________is the business of giving information about a product to the public                    (a) communication  (b) packaging  (c) advertising (d) messaging
  9. ____is one of the component parts of a business environment  (a) account  (b) warehouse  (c) book keeping  (d) jumping
  10. __________is important because it teaches how the office functions, how to keep accounts, and books relevant  (a) social studies  (b) communication  (c) business studies
  11. Any activity that a person is engaged in to earn a living is ______(a) activity  (b) work                   (c) session  (d) duty
  12. _____________is a person who files letters, keeps records and does other jobs in an office  (a) sales worker  (b) marketing officer  (c) clerical staff  (d) production officer
  13. ___________is one of many divisions or parts of a big organization  (a) compartment               (b) unit  (c) department
  14. The department that is responsible for preparing and paying the salaries or wages of all employees  (a) sales department  (b) administrative department  (c) account department                  (d) planning department.
  15. ____is the selling of goods or services produced in Nigeria to other countries who need them to satisfy the needs of their citizens  (a) import trade  (b) entrepot trade  (c) export trade  (d) home trade


  1. ___________is the making of goods and provision of services that satisfy the needs of people
  2. ________________makes the goods from raw materials provided by nature
  3. __________production involves the digging of raw materials from the ground
  4. _____________production involves and concerns itself with the design and manufacture of capital goods.
  5. ________is provided by nature, but is usually acquired by business for its operation.


1a.       What  is production? (2mks)

b.         List 4 factors affecting production (3mks)

c.         Mention 3 features of land and reward – (3mks)

d.         List 3 features of labour and reward – (2mks)

2a.       Who is an entrepreneur?  (2mks)

b.         List 3 features of an entrepreneur  (3mks)

c.         What is the reward of an entrepreneur  (2mks)

d.         List 2 features of capital and give the reward (3mks)

3a.       What is meaning of occupation  (2mks)

b.         List 5 types of occupation (3mks)

c.         What is an extractive occupation (3mks)

d.         List 2 examples of extractive occupation (2mks)

4a.       What is Honesty?  (2mks)

b.         State 3 qualities of a truthful person (3mks)

c.         List 2 rewards for being truthful (2 mks)

d.         List 3 immediate effects of not being truthful (3mks)

5a.       Who is a sole trader (2mks)

b.         Mention 3 examples of a sole trader (3mks)

c.         Explain the meaning of partnership (2mks)

d.         Outline 3 examples of partnership (3mks)


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