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CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMALS BASED ON MODE OF FEEDING

TITLE: NOTE OF LESSON ON AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

SUBJECT: AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

THEME: BASIC CONCEPTS IN AGRICULTURE

TERM: FIRST TERM

WEEK: WEEK 9

CLASS: PRIMARY 5

NAME OF TEACHER:

DATE:          

AGE OF STUDENTS:

CLASS COMPOSITION: Slow and fast learners.

PERIOD:

DURATION: 40 MINUTES

TOPIC: CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMALS BASED ON MODE OF FEEDING

Units:

  • Definition of farm animals
  • Definition of ruminants and non-ruminants.
  • Classification based on mode of feeding.

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this Module, Pupils should be able to know the:

  • Definition of farm animals
  • Definition of ruminants and non-ruminants.
  • Classification of animals based on mode of feeding.

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Whiteboard/ Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Explanatory videos

TEACHING AND LEARNING METHOD

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Questions and Answers.

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • Universal Basic Education Curriculum.
  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for Primary Schools.
  • Unified Schemes of Work Primary Schools four Agricultural Science (MIDDLE BASIC)
  • Internet.
  • Lagos State Agricultural Science Scheme of Work.
  •  Agricultural Science for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE: the students are familiar with classification of crops according to use and type.

WORD FILE:   Classification, Classification.

                        MODULE CONTENT

DEFINITION OF FARM ANIMALS

Farm animals are animals kept for use and profits to man. Farm animals are also called livestock.

Classification of farm animals is based on the following:

  • Classification based on mode of feeding.
  • Classification based on where they live.
  • Classification based on uses.

              CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMALS BASED ON MODE OF FEEDING

There are two groups of animals under this class. They are:

  1. Ruminants animals;
  2. Non ruminants animals.

RUMINANTS ANIMALS

Ruminants animals are animals that feeds on grasses and other green plants. They chew their cud and have powerful stomachs for digesting grass.

RUMINANTS ANIMALS MODE OF FEEDING

Ruminant animals digest their food through fermentation in a four –chambered stomach. Their stomach is field with bacteria that help to break down plants that human cannot eat. These bacteria also help to produce nutrient for their best species.

THE FOUR COMPARTMENT OF RUMINANT ANIMAL

  1. Rumen
  2. Reticulum: the rumen and reticulum are the primary site of microbial fermentation.
  3. Omasum: receives chewed cud and absorbs volatile fatyacids
  4. Abomasum: it is the real stomach

EXAMPLES OF RUMINANTS ANIMALS

  1. Sheep
  2. Goats
  3. Cattle
  4. Camels
  5. Horses
  6. donkey

NON – RUMINANTS ANIMALS

Non ruminant animals are animals that feeds mostly on grains, mashes, pellets and wastes from kitchen. They don’t eat grass and they have simple stomach.

NON – RUMINANTS ANIMALS MODE OF FEEDING

Non ruminant animal have a single compartment stomach. They are called Monogastrics Animals. That is they have one stomach where food is broken down into different nut.

EXAMPLES OF NON – RUMINANTS ANIMALS

  1. chicken
  2. Dogs
  3. Cats
  4. fish
  5. poultry rabbits
  6. pigs
  7. guinea pigs

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURE

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  • Learners participate in the class discussion

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

  • Mention three Classification of animals on their mode of feeding.

CONCLUSION: the teacher summarize the lesson.

PREVIOUS LESSON: CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMALS (LIVE STOCK)

NEXT LESSON: CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMIMALS BASED ON WHERE THEY LIVE.

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