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CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMALS (LIVESTOCK)

TITLE: NOTE OF LESSON ON AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

SUBJECT: AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

THEME: BASIC CONCEPTS IN AGRICULTURE

TERM: FIRST TERM

WEEK: WEEK 8

CLASS: PRIMARY 5

NAME OF TEACHER:

DATE:          

AGE OF STUDENTS:

CLASS COMPOSITION: Slow and fast learners.

PERIOD:

DURATION: 40 MINUTES

TOPIC: CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMALS (LIVE STOCK)

Units:

  • Definition of farm animals
  • Definition of ruminants and non-ruminants.
  • Classification based on mode of feeding.
  • Classification based on where they live.
  • Classification based on uses.

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this Module, Pupils should be able to know the:

  • Definition of farm animals
  • Definition of ruminants and non-ruminants.
  • Classification of animals based on mode of feeding.
  • Classification of animals based on where they live.
  • Classification of animals based on uses.

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Whiteboard/ Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Explanatory videos

TEACHING AND LEARNING METHOD

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Questions and Answers.

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • Universal Basic Education Curriculum.
  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for Primary Schools.
  • Unified Schemes of Work Primary Schools four Agricultural Science (MIDDLE BASIC)
  • Internet.
  • Lagos State Agricultural Science Scheme of Work.
  • Edudelight Agricultural Science for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE: the students are familiar with classification of crops according to use and type.

WORD FILE: Ruminants, fermentation.   

                        MODULE CONTENT

DEFINITION OF FARM ANIMALS

Farm animals are animals kept for use and profits to man. Farm animals are also called livestock.

Classification of farm animals is based on the following:

  • Classification based on mode of feeding.
  • Classification based on where they live.
  • Classification based on uses.

              CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMALS BASED ON MODE OF FEEDING

There are two groups of animals under this class. They are:

  1. Ruminants animals;
  2. Non ruminant’s animals.

RUMINANTS ANIMALS

Ruminant’s animals are animals that feeds on grasses and other green plants. They chew their cud and have powerful stomachs for digesting grass.

RUMINANTS ANIMALS MODE OF FEEDING

Ruminant animals digest their food through fermentation in a four –chambered stomach. Their stomach is field with bacteria that help to break down plants that human cannot eat. These bacteria also help to produce nutrient for their best species.

THE FOUR COMPARTMENT OF RUMINANT ANIMAL

  1. Rumen
  2. Reticulum: the rumen and reticulum are the primary site of microbial fermentation.
  3. Omasum: receives chewed cud and absorbs volatile fatyacids
  4. Abomasum: it is the real stomach

EXAMPLES OF RUMINANTS ANIMALS

  1. Sheep
  2. Goats
  3. Cattle
  4. Camels
  5. Horses
  6. donkey

NON – RUMINANTS ANIMALS

Non ruminant animals are animals that feeds mostly on grains, mashes, pellets and wastes from kitchen. They don’t eat grass and they have simple stomach.

NON – RUMINANTS ANIMALS MODE OF FEEDING

Non ruminant animal have a single compartment stomach. They are called Monogastrics Animals. That is they have one stomach where food is broken down into different nut.

EXAMPLES OF NON – RUMINANTS ANIMALS

  1. chicken
  2. Dogs
  3. Cats
  4. fish
  5. poultry rabbits
  6. pigs
  7. guinea pigs

CLASSIFICATION BASED ON WHERE THE ANIMALS LIVE

  1. Land Animals:these are animals that live on land. They are alsodivided into
  2. Terrestial (land) animals:ccats, dog, bear, deer
  3. Arboreal animals: they are animals that live primarily on trees. Examples are squirrel, rodents, monkey, chameleon.
  4. Water (Aquatic) animals:  fishes, crabs, lobsters, crayfish. Periwinkle, prawn, oyster.
  5. Arphibians Animals: they are animals that live both on land and water. E.g. frogs, toads, salamanders.

CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMALS BASED ON USES

  1. Milk (Dairy) producer’s animals: these animals produce milk. E.g. cows goats.
  2. Meat producers: these are animals raised for meat production. E.g. goat, cow, rabbit and hen, pig, sheep.
  3. Egg producers: these are animals that lay eggs. E.g fowls, geese, turkeys, Guinea fowls, and ducks.
  4. Work animals (beasts of burden): they are kept to help farmers do some hard work like carrying of heavy load, pulling or drawing of carts and ploughs. Examples of such animals are: donkeys, camels, horses, oxen, bullocks.

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURE

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  • Learners participate in the class discussion

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

  • Mention three Classification of crops and their uses according to uses and types.

CONCLUSION: the teacher summarize the lesson.

PREVIOUS LESSON: CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS ACCORDING TO USE AND TYPE

NEXT LESSON: CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMIMAhttps://lessonplan.edudelight.com/classification-of-animals-based-on-mode-of-feeding/LS BASED ON WHERE THEY LIVE.

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