THE CONCEPT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT

TITLE: NOTE OF LESSON ON SOCIAL STUDIES

SUBJECT: SOCIAL STUDIES

TERM: SECOND TERM

WEEK: WEEK 4

CLASS: PRIMARY 4

NAME OF TEACHER:

DATE:          

AGE OF STUDENTS:

CLASS COMPOSITION: Slow and fast learners.

PERIOD:

TIME: 40 MINUTES 

TOPIC: THE CONCEPT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this Unit, Pupils should be able to know:

  1. What is the local government?
  2. Who controls the public affair of the local Government?
  3. The importance of the local government
  4. Benefit of local Government
  5. Problems of the local Government

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • National identity card
  • Whiteboard/ chalkboard
  • Interactive poster
  • Interactive video

TEACHING METHOD

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Questions and Answers

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for primary school.
  • Lagos State Scheme of Work
  • Unified Schemes of Work Primary Schools four Social Studies (MIDDLE BASIC)
  • Internet.
  • Edudelight Social Studies TextBooks for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS LESSON: the students are familiar with concept of Government.

WORD FILE: government, affairs, counsellor,chairman.

MODULE CONTENT

Local government is the third level of government in Nigeria. It is the government that control the public affairs at the local community (grassroots) level.it is the government that is close to the people because people in the locality air their views to through the counsellor, deputy chairman and the chairman of the local government.

THE THREE LEVELS (TIERS) OF GOVERNMENT IN NIGERIA

  1. Federal government
  2. State government
  3. Local government

THE IMPORTANCE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT TO THE PEOPLE

Some of the importance of the local government are:

  1. To developed every part of the local government area.
  2. It brings government closer to the people.
  3. To engage people in the local community to be involved in the running of the government.
  4. To protect the culture of the people.
  5. To care for the needs of the people in the local government area like provision of health Centre, good education
  6. Collects taxes and rates for the development and provision of amenities.
  7. Maintain law and order in the local government.

THE FUNCTIONS OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Some of the roles of the local government are:

  1. They grade and tar roads in their areas.
  2. They encourage farmers to produce more food for the people.
  3. They provide good primary education for children.
  4. They provide other social amenities like markets, water, etc.
  5. Provide good health care centres of the people.
  6. They encourage farmers to produce more food for the people.
  7. Provides employment opportunities for the citizens.
  8. Provision of public library.
  9. Organizing adult education programme.
  10. Provision of recreation center, Halls, motor parks, cemeteries.
  11. Provision of marriage registry.
  12. Birth, death and marriages records keeping of the local government.
  13. Provision of scholarship and awards to spectacular students.
  14. Payment of staff salaries and allowances.

HOW LOCAL GOVERNMENT WORK

The local government performs it duties through the local government council. A council consist of a chairman and councilors. The head of a local government is the chairman. Councilors are appointed from the council to take charge of duties like health, education, agriculture, finance, etc.

WHAT THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT DOES

  1. Building of primary schools
  2. Payment of teacher salaries
  3. Collection of taxes, rates and levies.
  4. Town planning development
  5. Building clinics, Maternity homes.
  6. Building roads, wells, boreholes, etc.

PROBLEMS OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT

  1. Inadequate finance
  2. Corruption
  3. Limited autonomy
  4. Problem of party in power
  5. Poor attitude towards rates and dues
  6. Misappropriation of funds

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURE

  • The Teacher revises the previous lesson (THE CONCEPT OF GOVERNMENT).
  • The Teacher introduces the topic (THE CONCEPT OF  LOCAL GOVERNMENT)
  • The Teacher explains the lessons.

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  • Learners participate in the class discussion

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

  • What is the local government?
  • Who controls the public affair of the local Government?
  • Mention four importance of the local government
  • List four Benefit of local Government.
  • Who is the chairman of your local Government?
  • Write the name of your local government

CONCLUSION: the teacher summarize the lesson.

PREVIOUS LESSON: THE CONCEPT OF GOVERNMENT

NEXT LESSON: THE CONCEPT OF STATE GOVERNMENT

Lessonplan

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