BASIC GYMNASTICS ACTIVITIES

TITLE: NOTE OF LESSON ON PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION

SUBJECT: PHYSICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION

TERM: SECOND TERM

THEME: GYMNASTICS

WEEK: WEEK 7

CLASS: PRIMARY 5

DURATION: 40 MINUTES

TOPIC: BASIC GYMNASTICS ACTIVITIES

UNITS:

  • Floor activities
  • Gymnastic activities with apparatus

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this discussion in this unit, students should be able to know about:

  • List gymnastic activities that are performed on the floor and those with apparatus
  • Perform some floor and apparatus activities correctly
  • Perform some stunt correctly
  • Differentiate between stunts, floor or apparatus activities

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Whiteboard/Chalkboard
  • Explanatory posters/pictures
  • Explanatory videos

TEACHING AND LEARNING METHODS

  • Explanation
  • Discussion
  • Questions and answers

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum.
  • Universal Basic Education  Curriculum (UBE)
  • Unified Schemes of Work for Lagos State Primary Schools (MIDDLE BASIC)
  • Lagos State Scheme of Work for Physical and Health Education.
  • Internet.
  • Edudelight Physical and Health Education for Primary Schools.

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS LESSON: The students are familiar with.

WORD FILE: squatting, posture, backward.                      

                   CONTENT

FLOOR ACTIVITIES

The following are floor activities

  • Forward roll
  • Backward roll
  • Cart wheel

FORWARD ROLL ACTIVITIES

The body is made to roll forward like a ball.

Steps for forward roll

  • Take a squatting posture
  • Place the hands flat on the mat, shoulder width position.
  • Place the chin to the chest and lean forward pushing with feet and bending the arms.
  • Ensure the back of the shoulder don’t touch the mat first as you roll to the back.
  • Remove hands from the mat and form yourself into a ball and
  • Roll forward and your feet up.

BACKWARD ROLL ACTIVITIES

Steps:

  • Get into the squatting position with the two hands above the shoulders with the fingers pointing backward and palms up and the knees between the arms.
  • Slightly Lean forward and then backward so that you begin to roll onto the back.
  • The chin should be on the chest as you roll with the head touching the mat first then to the hands.
  • Maintain the ball shape and push with the hands to roll to your feet.

CARTWHEEL

It is performed to behave like the wheel of a cart.

Steps:

  1. Stepping to the left while bending at the waist and placing the left hand on the mat about a step length from the leg.
  2. The right leg swing up and the left leg is straightened to get the body to a standing position on the hands as the right hand is placed on the mat in line with the left.
  3. The body movement is in addition to the push with the left arm as it carries the body on to the right arm.
  4. The right leg then touches the mat a step away from the right hand.
  5. The head is always back throughout the exercise.
  6. The arms are held above the head which is held in an upright position.

ACTIVITES WITH APPARATUS

They are those exercises which are performed on gymnastic equipment’s. They are:

  1. Swinging
  2. Vaulting
  3. Somersaulting and
  4. climbing

SWINGING

It involves moving backwards or forward or from side to side while hanging from a fixed point such as horizontal bar, rope or parallel bars.

VAULTING

It involves running for a short distance, jump and the use of the hands in order to clear obstacle. Examples are Horizontal astride vault (using a vaulting box). Cat spring, somersaulting, climbing (climbing ladders, ropes uneven bars).

STUNTS

These are activities performed either individually or with partner to develop strength, flexibility and agility of the body. We have single stunts and partner stunts. Single stunts activities are performed by one person.

Examples of single stunts

  • squat hand balance
  • handstand against wall
  • handspring somersaulting

Partner stunts

These are performed with a partner

Examples of partner stunts are:

  • Headstand with support
  • Kangaroo march
  • Back to back toss

INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURE

LEARNERS ACTIVITIES

  • Learners participate in the class discussion
  • Learners practice  different physical fitness activities

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

Teacher ask the learners to:

  • Mention three (3) Floor activities
  • Mention three (3) Gymnastic activities with apparatus

CONCLUSION: the teacher summarize the lesson.

PREVIOUS LESSON: MEASURING PHYSICAL FITNESS COMPONENT

NEXT LESSON: RECREATION ACTIVITIES

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