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TYPES OF GOVERNMENT – GOVERNMENT

TITLE: LESSON NOTE ON CIVIC EDUCATION

SUBJECT: CIVIC EDUCATION

THEME: GOVERNMENT

TERM: FIRST TERM

WEEK: WEEK 5

CLASS: PRIMARY 4

NAME OF TEACHER:

DATE:          

AGE OF STUDENTS:

CLASS COMPOSITION: Slow and fast learners.

PERIOD:

DURATION: 40 MINUTES

TOPIC: TYPES OF GOVERNMENT

PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES

At the end of this discussion in this unit, students should be able to know:

  1. Meaning of  Government
  2. Forms of Government
  3. Difference between traditional and constitutional form of government.

TEACHING AND LEARNING MATERIALS

  • Traditional materials
  • Royalty Crown
  • Royalty staff
  • Textbook
  • Writing materials
  • Whiteboard/ chalkboard
  • Interactive poster
  • Interactive video

REFERENCE MATERIALS

  • Lagos State Civic Education Scheme of Work.
  • Universal Basic Education Curriculum.
  • NERDC Basic Education Curriculum for Primary Schools
  • Unified Schemes of Work Primary Schools for Civic Education (MIDDLE BASIC)
  • Internet
  • Nigeria Educational Research and Development Council scheme (NERDC)
  • Civic Education Text Books for Primary Schools

ENTRY BEHAVIOUR/ PREVIOUS LESSON: the students are familiar with communalism .

WORD FILE:  political, generation, tenure, parliament, parliamentary.

                              CONTENT OF THE LESSON

                          MEANING OF GOVERNMENT

Government is a body of people who controls the public affairs of a state or country.

               Forms of Government

There are several forms of Government practiced by people from different country. These are:

  1. Oligarchy: this government is a political system governed by a few powerful and privilege people. They rule to satisfy their selfish interest.
  2. Monarchy:  this is a form of government whereby an individual inherits the authority and rule over the people from generation to generation. It could be a king or a queen. This type of government is found in African societies, Saudi Arabia, England, Jordan, morocco,
  3. Aristocracy: this type of government is a government where the most powerful member of the society rules the people and use is personal wealth to rule and develop the society.
  4. Military Government: it is a government whereby the military are in charge of authority. They rule by decree and come to power through coup de ‘tat.
  5. Democracy Government: this type of government is chosen by the people it is done through election, whereby people cast their vote for their prefer candidate. The government ensure that people are treated equally. Democratic government can practice a practice a presidential system of government or parliamentary system of government.  
  6. Presidential government or parliamentary system of government: in parliamentary government or cabinet government the head of state is different from the head of government. The president is the head of state while the prime minister is the head of the government. It is the parliament that have power to make and execute laws.

The presidential system of government is the one that the president is the head of government and they have fixed tenure to serve before another person will be elected. The government follows the constitution.

  • Traditional government: the leader’s rules using the customs and culture of the land.

THE THREE LEVELS (TIERS) OF GOVERNMENT IN NIGERIA

  1. Federal government
  2. State government
  3. Local government

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN TRADITIONAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT

TRADITIONAL GOVERNMENT CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT
There is no fix tenure for the ruler There is a fixed tenure for government
There is misuse of power Cases are settled in court to guarantee citizens’ rights
leadership is  inherited Leadership is  through election
They rules according to the customs and culture of the land They rules according to the constitution the state

PRESENTATION

  • The Teacher revises the previous term lessons ( COMMUNITY LEADERSHIP – CITIZENSHIP )
  • The teacher leads the pupils to understand TYPES OF GOVERNMENT.
  • She/he explains the forms of government.
  • He/she explains the differences between traditional and constitutional government.

EVALUATIVE ACTIVITIES

  • Define Government
  • list three Forms of Government
  • Difference between traditional and constitutional form of government.

CONCLUSION: the teacher summarize the lesson.

PREVIOUS LESSON: COMMUNITY LEADERSHIP – CITIZENSHIP   

NEXT LESSON:  DIFFERENCES BETWEEN TRADITIONAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT

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